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Past: Mynd is the thirteenth (assuming read left to right) skill of the Welsh language tree. The skill has three lessons, and it teaches the past tense of mynd, which is irregular.

Grammar Notes[]

The simple past tense in Welsh describes past actions. Like in English, the forms change. In this skill, you learn the forms for mynd, which is irregular in the past tense:

English Welsh
I went Es i
You went Est ti
He/she went Aeth e/hi
We went Aethon ni
You went Aethoch chi
They went Aethon nhw

Also, with this tense, many northern and western Welsh speakers will add mi in front of the verb. This word has no additional meaning. In this tense as well, there is a form for yes and no, do and naddo, that are the same irregardless of the verb used.


Lesson 1[]

  • es i = I went
  • est ti = you went
  • aethoch chi = you went
  • banc = bank
  • aeth e/o/hi = he/she went
  • gyda = with
  • hi = her
  • ddoe = yesterday
  • bwthyn = cottage

Lesson 2[]

  • cestyll = castles
  • castell = castle
  • aethon ni = we went
  • aethon nhw = they went
  • ffrind = friend
  • ffrindiau = friends
  • yno = there
  • siop lyfrau = bookshop
  • eglwys = church
  • clwb (nos) = (night) club

Lesson 3[]

  • mi = particle used in North Welsh with the past tense
  • do = yes (I did)
  • naddo = no (I didn't)
  • theatr = theater
  • Eryri = Snowdonia
  • cynhadledd = conference (f.)
  • chwarel = quarry


Duolingo Lesson: www.duolingo.com/skill/cy/Past-Mynd