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To Be is the eighth skill in the language tree for Turkish. It has a total of three lessons. This skill teaches how Turkish handles the verb "to be" using suffixes.

Grammar Notes[]

To be[]

"To be" in Turkish is not a proper verb, but rather adds a suffix to the thing that the subject is "being". This suffix depends on the subject and 2- or 4-way vowel harmony denoted by A and I respectively:

Pronoun Ending Example: mutlu
ben -(y)Im mutluyum
sen -sIn mutlusun
o -dIr or nothing mutludur/mutlu
biz -(y)Iz mutluyuz
siz -sInIz mutlusunuz
onlar dIr or nothing (with onlar) or lAr or dInlAr onlar mutludur/mutlu or mutlular/mutludunlar


Değil means "not" and is always the adjective that receives the ending (any other words come before the conjugated part, as usual).


Lesson 1[]

  • ama = but
  • değil = not
  • yorgun = tired
  • mutlu = happy

Lesson 2[]

  • yakışıklı = handsome
  • = hungry
  • tok = full
  • sakin = calm

Lesson 3[]

  • ol = be
  • hasta = sick


Duolingo Lesson: https://www.duolingo.com/skill/tr/To-be