Past is the thirty-seventh (assuming read left to right) skill in the language tree for Turkish. It has a total of six lessons that teach the past tense in Turkish, as well as a few new verbs.

Grammar NotesEdit

Past Tense + "To Be"Edit

The past tense of "to be" is indicated with another suffix: -DI-. It goes between the verb stem and the personal suffix (if there is one). The personal suffixes are also slightly different as well:

Pronoun Suffix
ben -m
sen -n
o -X
biz -k
siz -nIz
onlar -lAr
  • Mutluyum. ("I am happy") -> Mutluydum. ("I was happy")
  • Bıçak biraz yeşil. ("The knife is a little bit green") -> Bıçak biraz yeşildi. ("The knife was a little bit green")

Note: if the stem ends in a vowel and it is not first person, an extra -y- is added between the stem and the -DI- suffix.

  • "This was a castle" -> Bu bir kaleydi

Past Tense with Other VerbsEdit

The past tense with other verbs follows the personal endings and suffixes outlined above, except for the extra -y-.


Lesson 1: To beEdit

  • dün = yesterday
  • yeni = new

Lesson 2Edit

  • hoşuna gitmek (+dat) = to like

Lesson 3Edit

  • dokmak = to be born
  • durmak = to stop (oneself)
  • durdurmak = to stop (something)

Lesson 4Edit

  • düşmek = to fall
  • koymak = to put
  • aramak = to call (phone)
  • taşımak = to carry
  • kazanmak = to win
  • kalkmak = to get up
  • çağırmak = to call (for)
  • inanmak = to believe

Lesson 5Edit

  • değişmek = to change
  • kurmak = to set
  • artmak = to increase
  • yatmak = to go to bed
  • ölmek = to die
  • ayrılmak (+abl)= to break up with (someone)
  • geçen = last
  • beğenmek = to like
  • azalmak = to decrease

Lesson 6Edit

  • gelişmek = to develop, to thrive
  • kaybetmek = to lose
  • kaybolmak = to get lost
  • görünmek = to appear


Duolingo Lesson:

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