Tips and NotesEdit
- It is customary in Tanzanian culture to exchange greetings before engaging in a conversation or in any other activities, which is why ‘Greetings’ is one of the first skills of the Swahili course.
- Hand shaking is used a lot. In some areas of Tanzania people kneel down or bow, or bend down a little as a sign of respect, children bow their heads for a blessing from elders. In other areas elders bow their heads for a touch from children when being greeted.
- People take greetings seriously as they help to maintain good relationships.
- The word habari literally means "news," but it is often used to ask "How is ---?"
- Some Tanzanians use the greeting "Jambo" when greeting foreigners. In most cases Jambo is considered to be a touristic greeting. Generally foreigners are associated with tourists and for that matter this greeting is commonly used with foreigners.
- When using the forms of -jambo, negative prefixes will be used - such as asking, "Hujambo?". This can be translated as a way to say, "Hello!" or "How are you?" More about this will be explained in later lessons, but for now, just remember that Jambo is technically used for tourists only.
- To a friend/colleague, one can say "Mambo?", "Salama?" or "Vipi?", but not to an elder or to a senior person. These phrases are slang for "hello."
- Articles "a", "the", and "some" are not used in Swahili. One can say mtoto for "a" or "the" child.
Lesson 1 Edit
- asubuhi = morning/the morning/a morning/in the morning
- mchana = afternoon/the afternoon/an afternoon/in the afternoon/daytime
- leo = day/today
- jioni = evening/the evening/an evening/in the evening
- usiku = night/the night/a night/at night
- habari = how is/how/(the) news
- za = of/'s (several's news)(1)
- za jioni = the evening's/of the evening
- ya = of/'s (one's news)(1)
- ya leo = the day's/of the day
Lesson 2 Edit
- dada = sister/sisters
- kaka = brother/brothers
- mama = mom/mother/mum
- baba = dad/father
- bibi = grandma/grandmother
- babu = grandpa/grandfather
- karibu = welcome
- nyumbani = home
- habari za jioni = good evening/how is the evening
- habari za mchana = good afternoon/how is the afternoon
- habari za asubuhi = good morning/how is the morning
- habari za nyumbani = how is home
Lesson 3 Edit
- umeamkaje = how did you wake up
- u = you (sg.), me = present perfect (tense marker), amka = wake up, je = how(3)
- umeshindaje = how was your day/how are you doing/how have you been
- u = you (sg.), me = present perfect (tense marker), shinda = to win, je = how(4)
- salama = peaceful/peacefully/safe
- kazi = job/jobs/work
- mambo = hello/how are you (slang)/what's up (slang)(2)
- nzuri = good/well/fine (formal)(2), good/kind/nice/pretty/beautiful
- poa = cool (informal)(2)
Lesson 4 Edit
- sijambo = I am good/well/fine
- hujambo = how are you (sg.)/are you (sg.) fine?
- hajambo = he/she is good/well/fine
- hatujambo = we are good/well/fine
- hamjambo = how are you all (plural) doing/how are you all/fine (response)
- hawajambo = how are they/how are they doing/are they good/well/fine
- na = and/with/to
Introduction • Greetings 1 • Greetings 2 • People • Verbs:Present • Chores • M/Mi • Food • To Have • Verbs:Present 2 • Ki/Vi • N/N • Ji/Ma • Adjectives • Numbers • Commands • Clothing • Questions • U/N • Verbs:Present 3 • Animals • Shopping • Past • Time • Future • Past 2 • Body • Passive Verbs • Locations • Weather • Adverbs and Conjunctions • Object Inf. • Transport • Prepositions and Conjunctions • Adjectives 2 • Emotions • Demonstratives • School • Colors • Places • Conditional • Prep. Verbs • Medicine • Sports • Piga • Subjunctive • Spiritual • Politics • Reflexive Verbs • Science • Tourism • Causal Verbs • St. Verbs • Negative Conditional • Habitual • -Ka- • Conditional 2 • Holidays • Adverb Grammar • Relatives • Conditional Past • Comp. • Speech • Pluperfect • Participle •
Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.