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Greetings 1 is the second skill in the language tree for the Swahili language on Duolingo. It has four lessons that teach basic greetings in Swahili.

Tips and NotesEdit

  • It is customary in Tanzanian culture to exchange greetings before engaging in a conversation or in any other activities, which is why ‘Greetings’ is one of the first skills of the Swahili course.
  • Hand shaking is used a lot. In some areas of Tanzania people kneel down or bow, or bend down a little as a sign of respect, children bow their heads for a blessing from elders. In other areas elders bow their heads for a touch from children when being greeted.
  • People take greetings seriously as they help to maintain good relationships.
  • The word habari literally means "news," but it is often used to ask "How is ---?"
  • Some Tanzanians use the greeting "Jambo" when greeting foreigners. In most cases Jambo is considered to be a touristic greeting. Generally foreigners are associated with tourists and for that matter this greeting is commonly used with foreigners.
  • When using the forms of -jambo, negative prefixes will be used - such as asking, "Hujambo?". This can be translated as a way to say, "Hello!" or "How are you?" More about this will be explained in later lessons, but for now, just remember that Jambo is technically used for tourists only.
  • To a friend/colleague, one can say "Mambo?", "Salama?" or "Vipi?", but not to an elder or to a senior person. These phrases are slang for "hello."
  • Articles "a", "the", and "some" are not used in Swahili. One can say mtoto for "a" or "the" child.

Lessons Edit

Lesson 1 Edit

  • asubuhi = morning
  • mchana = afternoon
  • leo = today
  • jioni = evening
  • usiku = night
  • habari = how is
  • za = of/'s
  • za mchana = your afternoon
  • za jioni = the evening's/of the evening
  • ya = of/'s (one's news)(1)
  • ya leo = the day's/of the day

Lesson 2 Edit

  • dada = sister/sisters
  • kaka = brother/brothers
  • mama = mom
  • baba = dad
  • bibi = grandma
  • babu = grandpa
  • karibu = welcome
  • nyumbani = home/at home
  • habari za jioni = good evening/how is the evening
  • habari za mchana = good afternoon/how is the afternoon
  • habari za asubuhi = good morning/how is the morning
  • habari za nyumbani = how is home

Lesson 3 Edit

  • umeamkaje = how did you wake up
    • u = you (sg.), me = present perfect (tense marker), amka = wake up, je = how(3)
  • umeshindaje = how was your day/how are you doing/how have you been
    • u = you (sg.), me = present perfect (tense marker), shinda = to win, je = how(4)
  • salama = peaceful
  • kazi = /work
  • mambo = hello (slang)(2)
  • nzuri = good (formal)(2)
  • poa = cool (informal)(2)

Lesson 4 Edit

  • sijambo = I am fine
  • hujambo = how are you (sg.)
  • hajambo = he/she is fine
  • hatujambo = we are fine
  • hamjambo = how are you all (pl.) doing
  • hawajambo = how are they
  • na = and/with/to

ReferencesEdit

(1)https://forum.duolingo.com/comment/21242941

(2)https://forum.duolingo.com/comment/21176532

(3)https://forum.duolingo.com/comment/21048253

(4)https://forum.duolingo.com/comment/21190258

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