Imperative 2 is the forty-ninth (assuming read left to right) skill in the Russian language tree. This skill has five lessons, and it teaches more imperatives to supplement Imperative 1.

Grammar Notes[edit | edit source]

Perfective/Imperfective[edit | edit source]

Imperfective is used for:

  • Specifying the manner in which the action is completed;
  • When you are allowing the action but not directly supporting it ("I don't mind");
  • When you do not want them to do the action; and
  • When you are inviting someone to do something like sit down (or something else obvious).

Perfective is used for:

  • Asking politely to do something;
  • Asking for something to be done that is not obvious; and
  • Allowing the action to be done and supporting it.

Положить/Поставить[edit | edit source]

Положить is for placing down an item in a place, and поставить is for objects that are set up or stand up. In other words, the former is for "lying" objects and the latter is for "standing" objects.

Оба/Обе[edit | edit source]

Оба is for masculine and neuter nouns and обе is for feminine nouns. Since they both carry the meaning of the number "two", whenever they are used, the nouns they modify are declined in genitive singular. Оба/обе are also inflected, depending on their case in the sentence and are always plural.

Lessons[edit | edit source]

Lesson 1[edit | edit source]

  • нарисуй(те) = draw (perfective)
  • оба/обе = both
  • думай(те) = think (imperfective)
  • открой(те) = open (perfective)
  • закрой(те) = close (perfective)
  • пей(те) = drink (imperfective)

Lesson 2[edit | edit source]

  • читай(те) = read (imperfective)
  • плавай(те) = swim (imperfective, multidirectional)
  • помой(те) = clean (perfective)
  • страница = page
  • ешь(те) = eat (imperfective)

Lesson 3[edit | edit source]

  • конечно = of course
  • садись/садитесь = sit (imperfective)
  • сделай(те) = do (perfective)
  • играй(те) = play (imperfective)
  • объясни(те) = explain (perfective)
  • повтори(те) = repeat (perfective)

Lesson 4[edit | edit source]

  • внимательно = careful
  • встань(те) = get up (perfective)
  • прости(те) = sorry (perfective)
  • будь(те) = be (imperfective)
  • поставить = to stand (perfective)
  • чистый = clean

Lesson 5[edit | edit source]

  • позвонить = to call
  • позвони(те) = call (perfective)
  • ляг(те) = lie down (perfective)
  • пораньше = as early as possible
  • дай(те) = let (perfective)
  • раздевайся/раздевайтесь = get undressed/ take off your coat (imperfective)

References[edit | edit source]

Duolingo Lesson:

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