Adjectives: Basics and Spelling is the sixteenth (assuming left to right) skill of the Russian language tree. It has a total of four lessons, and these lessons are about adjectives; how to spell them, how they are used, some basic adjectives for practice, and how adjectives work in the Russian case system.

Grammar NotesEdit

Russian adjectives, just like in English, come before the nouns they modify. However, Russian adjectives have 12 different endings depending on case and gender:

Case Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
Nominative -ый/-ий -ая/-яя -ое/-ее -ые/-ие
Accusative * -ый/-ий -ую/-юю -ое/-ее -ые/-ие
Genitive -ого/-его -ой/-ей -ого/-его -ых/-их
Prepositional -ом/-ем -ой/-ей -ом/-ем -ых/-их
Dative -ому/-ему -ой/-ей -ому/-ему -ым/-им
Instrumental -ым/-им -ой/-ей -ым/-им -ыми/-ими

* If the accusative noun is a living thing and is masculine, it's singular and plural forms are the genitive's instead of these.


Lesson 1Edit

  • младший = younger
  • старший = older
  • музыка = music
  • детский = childlike
  • громкий = loud
  • такий = soft/quiet

Lesson 2Edit

  • голос = voice
  • тихий = quiet
  • вкусный = tasty

Lesson 3Edit

  • композитор = composer
  • известный = famous
  • горячий = hot
  • новость = news

Lesson 4Edit

  • английский = English
  • немецкий = German
  • язык = language
  • русский = Russian
  • любимый = favorite
  • какой = which
  • такой = so/so much/such


Duolingo Lesson:

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