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Verbs 1 is the seventh skill in the Korean language tree. Here we will learn to form verbs in the "Declarative" mood using the 합쇼체 (hab-syo-che) speech level. To keep it simple:

You will learn that in 합쇼체 (hab-syo-che) all verbs end with -ㅂ니다 (b-ni-da)/-습니다 (seub-ni-da). I will write all the verbs in the infinitive (dictionary) form - ending in 다 - so that you can find them easily in an online dictionary.


LessonsEdit

Lesson 1Edit

  • 도서관 (do-seo-gwan) = Library
  • 넘어지다 (neom-eo-ji-da) = To fall down
  • 앉다 (anj-da) = To sit
  • 서다 (seo-da) = To stand
  • 웃다 (us-da) = To laugh
  • 생각하다 (saeng-gan-ha-da) = To think
  • 같이 (gat-i) = Together/With
    • More often used in speech than in writing.
    • Pronounced "가치" (ga-chi)
  • 함께 (ham-kke) = Together/With
    • More often used in writing than in speech.
  • 에서 (e-seo) = In/At - (Where an action takes place)
  • 에 (e) - In/At = (Where something static is happening)

Lesson 2Edit

  • 섬 (sam) = Island
  • 까지 (kka-ji) = To (Up to - Implies some sort of boundary/limit)
  • 으로 (eu-ro) (After a consonant except ㄹ) - To/Toward - (Implies direction)
  • 로 (ro) (After a vowel or ㄹ) = To/Toward - (Implies direction)
  • 에서 (e-seo) = From
  • 가다 (ga-da) = To go
  • 수영하다 (so-yong-ha-da) = To swim
  • 오다 (o-da) = To come
  • 뛰다 (kkwi-da) = To jump/To run
  • 달리다 (dal-li-da) = To run
  • 걷다 (geod-da) = To walk

Lesson 3Edit

  • 으로/로 (eu-lo/lo) = With/By means of (e.g. 연필로 - With a pencil).
  • 읽다 (ig-da) = To read
  • 마시다 (ma-si-da) = To drink
  • 먹다 (meog-da) = To eat
  • 물 (mul) = Water
  • 손 (son) = Hand
  • 쓰다 (sseu-da) = To write
    • Used when you need to use your brain, or to write something that requires creativity. It also has to do with calligraphy.
  • 적다 (jeog-da) = To write
    • Used when writing something where you don't need to use your brain to write it down
  • 을 (eul) - Object marker - (After a consonant e.g. 책을)
  • 를 - Object marker - (After a vowel e.g. 남자를)

Lesson 4Edit

  • 영어 (yeong-eo) = English (language)
  • 으로/로 (eu-lo/lo) = In (e.g. used as a way to say 한국어로 대화합니다 - "Have a conversation in Korean").
  • 를 (leul) = Object marker
    • Introduced as a way to say "speak Korean" for example, e.g. 저는 한국어를 합니다 - I speak Korean.
  • 조금 (jo-geum) = A little/A little of/A bit of
  • 말하다 (mal-ha-da) = To talk/To speak[1]
  • 이야기하다 (i-ya-ga-ha-da) = To talk/To speak
    • 이야기 means "story", so 이야기하다 is more like "to tell"
  • 대화하다 (dae-hwa-ha-da) = To talk/To converse/To have a conversation
    • 대화 means "conversation" or "dialogue", so 대화하다 means "to converse"
  • 하다 (ha-da) = To speak (More generally, "to do")
  • 잘하다 (jal-ha-da) = To speak well (More generally, "to do well")

Lesson 5Edit

  • 에게서 (e-ge-seo) = From
    • For indirect objects, not locations, e.g. 여자에게서 - From a woman - A man receives a present from a woman.
  • 에게 (e-ge) = To
    • For indirect objects, not locations, e.g. 개에게 - To a dog - The friend teaches English to the dog.
  • 편지 (pyeon-ji) = Letter (as in a letter you send someone, not the letters of the alphabet)
  • 선물 (seon-mul) = Present/Gift
  • 보내다 (bo-nae-da) = To send
  • 가르치다 (ga-leu-chi-da) = To teach
  • 받다 (bad-da) = To get/To receive
  • 주다 (ju-da) = To give

Lesson 6Edit

  • 노래 (no-lae) = Song
    • 노래를 하다 (no-lae-leul ha-da) = To sing
    • 노래하다 (no-lae-ha-da) = To sing
  • 춤 (chum) = Dance
    • 춤추다 (chum-chu-da) = To dance
    • 춤을 추다 (chum-eul chu-da) = To dance
  • 잠 (jam) = Sleep/Slumber
    • 잠자다 (jam-ja-da) = To sleep
    • 잠을 자다 (jam-eul ja-da) = To sleep
  • 꿈 (kkum) = Dream
    • 꿈꾸다 (kkum-kku-da) = To dream
    • 꿈을 꾸다 (kkum-eul kku-da) = To dream

Lesson 7Edit

  • 안 (an) = Not/Do not/Does not
  • ~지 않다 (~ji anh-da) = Not/Do not/Does not
  • 잡다 (jab-da) = To catch
    • 잡습니다 (jab-seub-ni-da) = Catches
    • 잡지 않습니다 (jab-ji anh-seub-ni-da) = Does not catch
  • 배우다 (bae-u-da) = To learn
    • 배웁니다 (bae-ub-ni-da) = Learns
    • 안 배웁니다 (an bae-ub-ni-da) = Does not learn
  • 운동하다 (un-dong-ha-da) = To exercise/To work out
    • 운동합니다 (un-dong-hab-ni-da) = Exercises/Works out
    • 운동을 합니다 (un-dong-eul hab-ni-da) = Exercise/Work out
  • 던지다 (deong-ji-da) = To throw
    • 던집니다 (deon-jib-ni-da) = Throws
    • 던지지 않습니다 (deon-ji-ji anh-seub-ni-da) = Does not throw
  • 공부하다 (gong-bu-ha-da) = To study
    • 공부합니다 (gong-bu-hab-ni-da) = Studies
    • 공부하지 않습니다 (gong-bu-ha-ji anh-seub-ni-da) = Does not study

ReferencesEdit

  1. https://forum.duolingo.com/comment/24396330
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