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Greeting is the 7th skill (assuming read left to right) in the Korean language course. It has 4 lessons.

Grammar Notes[]

Names[]

In Korean, full names usually consist to 3 syllables, one for the family and two for the given name. The family name is written first and the given name second and there is no space left in between the two. For example, 이선화 would be translated as Lee Seonhwa or Seonhwa Lee in English.

Name translations can be done in an ad-hoc manner and one Korean given/family name usually tends to have multiple spellings in English. For example, 선화 can be written as both Seonhwa and Sunhwa while 이/리 can be written as Lee, Yi, Rhee etc.

Agglutination[]

In Korean, nouns do not change form for number, case or gender.

It is an agglutinative/agglutinating language.

Instead of changing the base noun, extra pieces called particles are added to the words to introduce meaning. These are usually added as suffixes to the nouns.

The Topic Marker[]

(neun) = topic marker, used after a vowel e.g. 여자는 - A woman. Used when making a general statement e.g. An apple is a fruit.

(eun) = topic marker, after a consonant e.g. 연필은 - A pencil.

(ga) = Subject marker, used after a vowel e.g. 학교가 - The school

(i) = Subject marker, used after a consonant e.g. 연필이 - The pencil. Used when you're talking about something specific e.g. The pencil is a thing.

입니다 (imnida) = am/is/are

Lessons[]

Lesson 1[]

  • 김서준 (gimseojun) = Seojun Kim
  • 이가람 (igalam) = Garam Lee
  • 이민지 (iminji) = Minji Lee
  • 박지훈 (bakjihun) = Jijun Park
  • 김선화 (gimseonhwa) = Seonhwa Kim
  • 최 (choe) = Choi
  • 성 (seong) = last name

Lesson 2[]

  • 안녕 (annyeong) = hi/bye (informal)
  • 안녕하세요 (annyeonghaseyo) = hello (polite)
  • 안녕하십니까 (anyeonghasimnikka) = hello (formal)
  • 만나서 반갑습니다 (mannaseo bangapseumnida) = nice to meet you
  • 이름 (ireum) - name
  • 저 (jeo) = I, me
  • 제 (je) = my = 저의
  • 감사합니다 (gamsahamnida) - thank you (formal)

Lesson 3[]

  • 환영합니다 (hwanyeonghamnida) - welcome/you're welcome (As in "Welcome to my country")
  • 괜찮습니다 (gwaenchanseumnida) - to be okay (formal)
  • 씨 (ssi) = Mr., Ms., Mrs. ... (formal)
  • 요즘 (yojeum) = lately, nowadays
  • 잘 (jal) = well
  • 지냅니다 (jinaemnida) = to live, to spend time
  • 지내십니까? (jinaesimnikka) = to live, to spend time (question form) (formal)
  • 어떻게 (eotteoke) = how

Lesson 4[]

  • 안녕히 가세요 (annyeonghi gaseyo) = Goodbye (say to somebody going)
  • 안녕히 계세요 (annyeonghi gaseyo) = Goodbye, Stay in peace (say to somebody staying)
  • 죄송합니다 (juisonghamnida) = sorry (formal)
  • 실례합니다 (sillyehamnida) - excuse me
  • 처음 뵙겠습니다 (ceoeum boepgetseumnida) = Nice to meet you (for the first time)
  • 고맙습니다 (gomapseumnida) = thank you (formal)


References[]

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