Alphabet 2 is the 2nd skill in the Korean language course. It has 7 lessons which teach you how to form syllables with Korean characters.

Grammar NotesEdit

Basic Consonants Edit

한글 Romanization Pronunciation
m /m/
n /n/
ng /ŋ/ (no sound at start of syllable)
g /g/ or /k/
b /b/ or /p/
d /d/ or /t/
l/r /ɾ/or /l/
j /ʨ/ jam
s /s/ or /ɕ/

ㄱ, ㅂ, and ㄷ represent both voiced and unvoiced sounds (g/k, b/p, and d/t), depending on the surrounding sounds. With these sounds, there should be no air coming from your mouth.

ㄹ is like Spanish r, where the tip of the tongue strikes the palate very briefly. When it is a final consonant introduced below, it is pronounced like an l.

ㅅ in most situations sounds like an s, but before ㅣ or "iotized" vowels it sounds more like "sh".

Aspirants Edit

한글 Romanization Pronunciation k /kʰ/
p /pʰ/
t /tʰ/
ch /tɕʰ/
h /h/

Aspirants are consonants followed by a puff of air. Hold a small sheet of paper in front of your mouth. Notice that the paper moves when you pronounce the English words ‘pen’ and touch’ due to the aspiration.

Tense Consonants Edit

한글 Romanization Pronunciation kk /k͈/
pp /p͈/
tt /t͈/
jj /t͈ɕ/
ss /s͈/

Tense consonants are pronounced with extra emphasis. Sometimes regular ㄱ, ㅂ, ㅈ, ㅅ, and ㄷ sound become tense in the middle of words, especially for younger speakers.

Final Consonants Edit

Korean only have a few possible sounds at the end of a syllable, so many consonants' pronunciations change.

Final Sound Letters ㄱ ㅋ ㄲ
ㄷ ㅌ ㅅ ㅆ ㅈ ㅊ ㅎ
ㅂ ㅍ

When two consonants appear in the final position, only one of them is pronounced:

Final Sound Letter Pairs ㄳ ㄺ
ㄵ ㄶ
ㄼ ㄽ ㄾ ㅀ
ㄿ ㅄ

When followed by a vowel, final consonants (except ㅇ and ㅎ) move to the start of the next syllable. Consonants revert back to their original pronunciations and pairs are split, allowing both to be pronounced. ㅇ does not move, and ㅎ disappears before a vowel. Tense consonants (ㄲ, ㅆ) are not pairs.

Written Pronunciation 독일 도길
웃음 우슴
영어 영어
관용어 과뇽어
놓이다 노이다
닭이 달기
많이 마니
엮음 여끔

Assimilation Edit

Many consonants change their pronunciations when a consonant at the end of one syllable influences or is influenced by the consonant at the start of the next.

Situation Pronunciation Example ㄱ ㅋ ㄲ+nasal ㅇ+nasal 국물 [궁물]
ㄱ ㅋ ㄲ+ㄹ ㅇ+ㄴ 낙뢰 [낭뇌]
ㄷ ㅌ ㅅ ㅆ ㅈ ㅊ ㅎ+nasal ㄴ+nasal 꽃말 [꼰말]
ㅂ ㅍ+nasal ㅁ+nasal 입니다 [임니다], 없는 [엄는]
ㅂ+ㄹ ㅁ+ㄴ 법률 [범뉼]
ㄹ+ㄴ ㄹ+ㄹ 실내 [실래]
ㄴ+ㄹ ㄹ+ㄹ 신라 [실라], 물난리[물랄리]
nasal (except ㄴ)+ㄹ nasal+ㄴ 성립 [성닙]

Nasal sounds: ㄴ, ㅁ, final ㅇ


Lesson 1 Edit

  • 다 = da
  • 도 = do
  • 가 = ga
  • 게 = ge
  • 노 = no
  • 너 = neo
  • 리 = ri
  • 루 = ru
  • 노래 (no-lae) = song

Lesson 2 Edit

  • 보 = bo
  • 브 = beu
  • 재 = jae
  • 져 = jyeo
  • 미 = mi
  • 뭐 = mwo
  • 사 = sa
  • 샤 = sha
  • 개미 (gae-mi) = ant 

Lesson 3 Edit

  • 최 = choi
  • 츄 = chyu
  • 캐 = kae
  • 캬 = kya
  • 퍠 = pyae
  • 표 = pyo
  • 툐 = tyo
  • 톤 = ton
  • 도쿄 (do-kyo) = tokyo 

Lesson 4 Edit

  • 헤 = he
  • 휘 = hwi
  • 끠 = kkui
  • 썌 = ssyae
  • 쎼 = ssye
  • 또 = tto
  • 똬 = ttwa
  • 씨 (ssi) = seed 

Lesson 5 Edit

  • 쭤 = jjwo
  • 쪄 = jjyeo
  • 쬐 = jjoe
  • 뽸 = ppwae
  • 쁘 = ppeu
  • 뽀뽀 (ppo-ppo) = Kiss 

Lesson 6 Edit

  • 앚 - at
  • 밝 - bak
  • 밟 - bap
  • 각 - gak
  • 갈 - gal
  • 갖 - gat
  • 갇 - gat
  • 갑 - gap
  • 꽃 - kkot

Lesson 7 Edit

  • 뵹 - byong
  • 갂 - gak
  • 강 - gang
  • 같 - gat
  • 갓 - gat
  • 갔 - gat
  • 뵹 =  byong 
  • 도넛 (do-neot) = doughnut 


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