Duolingo Wiki
Advertisement
Duolingo Wiki

The City is the 50th skill (assuming read left to right) in the Japanese language course. It has 6 lessons.

Grammar Notes[]

Summarize, but do not quote, any grammar notes provided with this skill. Notes from Duolingo are copyrighted, and cannot be added here verbatim without permission. Make sure to reference any tips and notes from Duolingo or anywhere else.

Lessons[]

Lesson 1[]

  • メイド (me-i-do) = maid/maids
  • 渋谷 (shibu-ya) = Shibuya (Tokyo area) (しぶや)
  • 秋葉原 (aki-ha-bara) = Akihabara (Tokyo area) (あきはばら)
  • 原宿 (hara-juku) = Harajuku (Tokyo area) (はらじゅく)
  • 買いましょう (ka-i-ma-sho-u) = let's buy (かいましょう)
  • 買い物をしました (ka-i-mono-o-shi-ma-shi-ta) = I went shopping (かいものをしました)
  • 止まりますか?(to-ma-ri-ma-su-ka) = does it stop? (とまりますか)

Lesson 2[]

  • コスプレをします(ko-su-pu-re-wo-shi-ma-su) = cosplay/dress up
  • 交差点 (kou-sa-ten) = intersection/crossing (こうさてん)
  • 池袋 (ike-bukuro) = Ikebukuro (Tokyo area) (いけぶくろ)
  • 新宿 (shin-juku) = Shinjuku (Tokyo area) (しんじゅく)
  • 賑やか (nigi-ya-ka) = lively; crowded; busy; bustling (にぎやか)
  • 乗る (no-ru) = (v5r, vi) to get on (train, plane, bus, ship, etc.); to get in; to board (のる)
  • 乗った (no-tta) = I rode on/I took (のった)
  • 乗っています (no-tte-i-ma-su) = I am riding (のっっています)
  • 通る (too-ru) = (1) to go past; to go by; to go along; to travel along; (...) (v5r, vi) (とおる)
  • 通りました (too-ri-ma-shi-ta) = I passed by (とおりました)

Lesson 3[]

  • 線 (sen) = line/lines (せん)
  • 便利 (ben-ri) = convenient; handy; useful (べんり)
  • 通り (too-ri) = avenue; street; way; road (とおり)
  • 山手線 (yama-note-sen) = the Yamanote line (やまのてせん)
  • メトロ (me-to-ro) = metro
  • サラリーマン (sa-ra-rii-ma-n) = office worker/workers
  • 混む (ko-mu) = to be crowded; to be packed; to be congested; (...) (v5m, vi) (こむ)
  • (action/verb in -(te)-form) + いる/います = on-going action/verb
    • 混んでいる (ko-n-de-i-ru) = (on-going process of) being crowded (こんでいる)
    • 混んでいます (ko-n-de-i-ma-su) = (on-going process of) being crowded (こんでいます)
      • 人で混んでいます = being crowded with people
  • 多くの人 (ōku no hito) = many people
  • 面 (men) = face; mask (めん)
  • 面する (men-su-ru) = to face on; to look out on to (suru-verb) (めんする)
  • (action/verb in て-form) + いる/います = on-going action/verb
    • 面している (men-shi-te-i-ru) = (plain) to be facing on/to be looking out onto (めんしている)
    • 面しています (men-shi-te-i-ma-su) = (polite) to be facing on/to be looking out onto (にめんしています)
  • (direction) + に面している (ni-men-shi-te-i-ru) = to be facing (direction) (にめんしている)
    • に面している (kita-ni-men-shi-te-i-ru) = to be facing north (きたにめんしている)
    • に面している (minami-ni-men-shi-te-i-ru) = to be facing south (みなみにめんしている)
  • (action/verb in plain past) + ことがありますか = Have you ever [done the (action/verb)]?

Lesson 4[]

  • 市 (shi) = -city (suffix) (し)
  • 都市 (to-shi) = city (とし)
  • 首都 (shu-to) = capital (しゅと)
  • 近所 (kin-jo) = neighborhood (きんじょ)
  • 人口 (jin-kou) = population (じんこう)
  • どれくらい (do-re-ku-ra-i) = how much; how long; how far (どれ位)
  • 場所 (ba-sho) = place/location (ばしょ)
  • 料理の店 (ryou-ri-no-mise) = restaurant (りょうりのみせ)
  • 借りる (ka-ri-ru) = (2) to rent; to hire (v1, vt) (かりる)
  • (action/verb in て-form) + いる/います = on-going action/verb
    • 借りている = to be renting (a place, an apartment, etc.) (かりている)
    • アパートを借りている = to be renting an aparment
  • 借りています (ka-ri-te-i-ma-su) = is renting
  • 教える (oshi-e-ru) = (v1, vt) to teach; to tell; to inform; to instruct (おしえる)
  • 教えてください (oshi-e-te-ku-da-sa-i) = please tell (me) (おしえてください)

Lesson 5[]

  • 銀座 (gin-za) = Ginza (area in Tokyo) (ぎんざ)
  • 広島 (hiro-shima) = Hiroshima (ひろしま)
  • 増える (fu-e-ru) = to increase; to multiply (v1, vi) (P) (ふえる)
  • 増え (fu-e) = increase (ふえ)
  • 増えた (fu-e-ta) = it has increased (ふえた)
  • 増えている (fu-e-te-i-ru) = it is increasing (ふえている)
  • 減る (he-ru) = to decrease (in size or number); to diminish; to abate (v5r, vi) (P) (へる)
  • 減った (he-tta) = it has fallen/reduced (へった)
  • 減りました (he-ri-ma-shi-ta) = it has fallen/reduced (へりました)
  • お腹 (o-naka) = stomach; belly; abdomen (おなか)
  • お腹が減った (o-hara-ga-he-tta) = I'm starving (literally: "(my) stomach has decreased") (おはらがへった)
  • 乗る (no-ru) = (v5r, vi) to get on (train, plane, bus, ship, etc.); to get in; to board (のる)

Lesson 6[]

  • 数 (ka-zu) = number (かず)
  • 住民 (juu-min) = residents (じゅうみん)
  • 広場 (hiro-ba) = square/forum/open area (ひろば)
  • 集まる (atsu-ma-ru) = to gather; to collect; to assemble (v5r, vi) (P) (あつまる)
  • 集まり (atsu-ma-ri) = we will gather (あつまり)
  • 集まった (atsu-ma-tta) = we gathered (あつまった)
  • 集まっている (atsu-ma-tte-i-ru) = we are gathered (あつまっている)
  • 集まろう (atsu-ma-ro-u) = let's gather (あつまろう)
  • 集まりましょう (atsu-ma-ri-ma-sho-u) = let's gather/let's get together (あつまりましょう)

References[]


Advertisement