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Shopping 1 is the 32nd skill (assuming read left to right) in the Japanese language course. It has 7 lessons.

Grammar Notes[]

Summarize, but do not quote, any grammar notes provided with this skill. Notes from Duolingo are copyrighted, and cannot be added here verbatim without permission. Make sure to reference any tips and notes from Duolingo or anywhere else.

Lessons[]

Lesson 1[]

  • 花 (ha-na) = flower/flowers (はな)
  • お金 (o-ka-ne) = money (おかね)
  • 時計 (to-kei) = clock/clocks (とけい)

Lesson 2[]

  • 鞄 (ka-ban) = bag/bags (かばん)
  • 財布 (sai-fu) = wallet/wallets (さいふ)
  • 荷物 (ni-mo-tsu) = luggage/baggage (にもつ)

Lesson 3[]

  • 腕 (u-de) = arm (うで)
  • 腕時計 (u-de-to-kei) = watch (うでとけい)
  • かわいいです (ka-wa-ii-de-su) = it is cute
  • かわいいですか? (ka-wa-ii-de-su-ka) = is it cute?
  • かわいくないです (ka-wa-i-ku-nai) = it isn't/is not cute
  • かわいくないですか? (ka-wa-i-ku-nai-de-su-ka) = isn't it cute?
  • ほかに (ho-ka-ni) = else
  • どんな + [thing] (do-n-na) = what kind of [thing]
  • 他に (ho-ka-ni) = other
  • こんな (kon-na) = like this
  • も (mo) = also
  • もの (mo-no) = things
  • いかが (i-ka-ga) = how about
  • 他にもこんなもの (ho-ka-ni-mo-kon-na-mo-no) = also other things like this
  • 私のもの (wa-ta-shi-no-mo-no) = mine/belongs to me (わたしのもの)
  • 彼女のもの (ka-no-jo-no-mo-no) = hers/belongs to her (かのじょのものも)

Lesson 4[]

  • 軽い (ka-ru-i) = light (かるい)
  • 軽いですか? (ka-ru-i-de-su-ka) = is it light? (かるいですか)
  • 軽くないです (ka-ru-ku-nai-de-su) = it is not/isn't light (かるくないです)
  • 重い (o-mo-i) = heavy (おもい)
  • 重いですか (o-mo-i-de-su-ka) = is it heavy? (おもいですか)
  • 重くないです (o-mo-ku-nai-de-su) = it is not/isn't heavy (おもくないです)
  • きれいな (ki-rei-na) = pretty
  • きれいです (ki-rei-de-su) = it is/they are pretty
  • 丈夫な (jō-bu-na) = sturdy/durable (じょうぶな)
  • 丈夫です (jō-bu-de-su) = it is sturdy (じょうぶです)
  • 色々 (i-ro-i-ro) = all sorts (of things) / for everything (いろいろ)
  • いろいろありがとう (i-ro-i-ro-a-ri-ga-tō) = thank you for everything

Lesson 5[]

  • 大好き (dai-su-ki) = love (だいすき)
  • 大好きです (dai-su-ki-de-su) = love/loves (verb) (だいすきです)
  • (something) + 大好きです = to love (something)
  • 入れる (i-re-ru) = (1) to put in; to let in; to take in; (...) (v1, vt) (いれる)
  • に入れます (ni-i-re-ma-su) = I put in/I will put in (にいれます)
  • 出す (da-su) = (1) to take out; to get out (v5s, vt) (だす)
  • 出します (da-shi-ma-su) = I take out/I will take out (だします)
  • あげる (a-ge-ru) = (6) to give (from the giver point of view) (v1, vt) (pol) (uk) [verb with plenty of meanings]
  • あげます (a-ge-ma-su) = I give/I will give
  • もらう (mo-ra-u) = (1) to receive; to take; to accept (v5u, vt) (uk)
  • にもらいました (ni-mo-rai-ma-shi-ta) = I received/got from
  • 私にとって (wa-ta-shi ni-to-tte) = to/for me
  • 大切 (tai-se-tsu) = important (たいせつ)
  • (tsu-ma) = wife

Lesson 6[]

  • パン屋 (pan-ya) = bakery (ぱんや)
  • 本屋 (hon-ya) = bookstore/bookshop (ほんや)
  • 魚屋 (sa-ka-na-ya) = fish market/fish dealer (さかなや)
  • 同じ (o-na-ji) = same (おなじ)
  • 違う (chi-gau) = different (ちがう)
  • ほかの (ho-ka-no) = another/other
  • 色 (i-ro) = color (いろ)
  • 持ち (mo-chi) = having; holding; possessing (もち)
  • 持つ (mo-tsu) = (1) to hold (in one's hand); to take; to carry (v5t, vt) (もつ)
  • 持ちます (mo-chi-ma-su) = I hold/carry (もちます)
  • 持ちましょうか (mo-chi-ma-shō-ka) = may/shall I hold/carry? (もちましょうか)

Lesson 7[]

  • 買い物 (kai-mo-no) = shopping (かいもの)
  • 売る (u-ru) = to sell (v5r, vt) (P) (うる)
  • 売り (u-ri) = sell/sells (うり)
  • 売ります (u-ri-ma-su) = I sell/it sells (うります)
  • 要る (i-ru) = to need; to want (v5r, vi) (uk) (P) (いる)
  • 要り (i-ri) = need/needs (いり)
  • 要りますか (i-ri-ma-su-ka) = do you need/does it need? (いりますか)
  • 要りません (i-ri-ma-se-n) = I do not need/it does not need (いりません)
  • 汚いです (ki-ta-nai-de-su) = it is dirty (きたないです)
  • 汚いですか?(ki-ta-nai-de-su-ka) = is it dirty? (きたないですか)
  • 汚くないですか?(ki-ta-na-ku-nai-de-su-ka) = isn't it dirty? (きたくないですか)

References[]


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