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Obligation is the 66th skill (assuming read left to right) in the Japanese language course. It has 6 lessons.

Grammar Notes[]

Summarize, but do not quote, any grammar notes provided with this skill. Notes from Duolingo are copyrighted, and cannot be added here verbatim without permission. Make sure to reference any tips and notes from Duolingo or anywhere else.

Lessons[]

Lesson 1[]

  • 燃え (mo-e) = combustible (もえ)
  • ゴミ (go-mi) = trash/garbage/waste
  • 捨ててください (su-te-te-ku-da-sai) = please throw away
  • 捨てないで (su-te-nai-de) = do not throw away
  • 捨ててもいいですか (su-te-te-mo-ī-de-su-ka) = may I throw away
  • リサイクル (ri-sa-i-ku-ru) = recycle
  • プラスチック (pu-ra-su-chi-kku) = plastic
  • ペットボトル (pe-tto-bo-to-ru) = plastic/PET bottle
  • できています (de-ki-te-i-ma-su) = made of
  • 困っている (ko-mat-te-i-ru) = struggling with / troubled by

Lesson 2[]

  • オーブンを温めておきます (ō-bun-o-a-ta-ta-me-te-o-ki-ma-su) = Preheat the oven.
  • 食べておきましょお (ta-be-te-o-ki-ma-shō) = Let's eat in advancce
  • はず (ha-zu) = ought to / supposed to
  • べき (be-ki) = should
  • (xxする)ことにしました (xx-su-ru-ko-to-ni-shi-ma-shi-ta) = decided to (do xx)
  • 会話 (kai-wa) = conversation
  • 言うべきじゃありません (yu-u-be-ki-ja-a-ri-ma-sen) = you should not say
  • おいて (o-i-te) = in advance
  • 参加者 (san-ka-sha) = participants
  • 参加しませんか (san-ka-shi-ma-sen-ka) = do you want to participate/take part
  • 運動 (un-do) = campaign
  • 相談する (sō-dan-su-ru) = get advice from
  • 少なくとも(su-ku-na-ku-to-mo) = at least
  • 借りた (ka-ri-ta) = borrowed
  • 返すべき (ka-e-su-be-ki) = should return
  • 勉強するはず (ben-kyō-su-ru-ha-zu) = ought to study
  • 読んでおきました (yon-de-o-ki-ma-shi-ta) = read in advance

Lesson 3[]

  • 預けました (a-zu-ke-ma-shi-ta) = left/deposited
  • 私に食べさせた (wa-ta-shi ni ta-be-sa-se-ta) = made me eat
  • 私に食べさせません (wa-ta-shi ni ta-be-sa-se-ma-sen) = do not make me eat
  • 私を行かせました (wa-ta-shi o i-ka-se-ma-shi-ta) = made me go
  • 私に飲ませる (wa-ta-shi ni no-ma-se-ru) = make me drink
  • 待たせた (ma-ta-se-ta) = made me wait
  • 私に習わせる (wa-ta-shi ni na-ra-wa-se-ru) = make/let me learn

Lesson 4[]

  • 任せて (ma-ka-se-te) = to leave it to
  • お任せします (o-ma-ka-se-shi-ma-su) = I will leave it to you
  • xy にお任せします。(x-wa-y-ni-o-ma-ka-se-shi-ma-su) = I will leave x to y
  • もし来られたら来なさい (mo-shi-ko-ra-re-ta-ra-ki-na-sai) = come if you can
  • この薬を飲みなさい (ko-no-k'su(ku-su)-ri-o-no-mi-na-sai) = take this medicine
  • させて(sa-se-te) = let me do it
  • 説明 (se-tsu-mei) = explanation
  • 説明させてください (se-tsu-mei sa-se-te-ku-da-sai) = Please let me explain
  • 飲まないで (no-ma-nai-de) = without drinking
  • ないで (nai-de) = without
  • 立入禁止 (ta-chi-i-ri-kin-shi) = off-limits/no entry/do not enter
  • すべきじゃない (su-be-ki-ja-nai) = should not
  • 任せにすべきじゃない (ma-ka-se-ni su-be-ki-ja-nai) = should not leave it to

Lesson 5[]

  • 注意し (chū-i-shi) = be careful
  • 注意く (chū-i-ku) = be mindful
  • 注意してください (chū-i-shi-te-ku-da-sai) = Please pay attention
  • 禁煙 (kin-en) = non-smoking
  • 禁煙席 (kin-en-se-ki) = non-smoking seatu
  • 二倍になった (ni-bai-ni-nat-ta) = doubled
  • 値段の二倍を払いました (ne-dan-no-ni-bai o ha-rai-ma-shi-ta) = paid twice as much
  • なければいけない (na-ke-re-ba-i-ke-nai) = have to
  • なければいけません (na-ke-re-ba-i-ke-ma-sen) = have to
  • 大切にしなければならない (tai-se-tsu-ni shi-na-ke-re-ba-na-ra-nai) = have to value
  • 動かさなければいけない (u-go-ka-sa na-ke-re-ba-i-ke-nai) = have to move
  • もう行かなければいけない (mō-i-ka-na-ke-re-ba-i-ke-nai) = have to go now
  • 動かす (u-go-ka-su) = move
  • 相談に乗ります (sō-dan ni no-ri-ma-su) = get a consultation
  • よければ, [...]. (yo-ke-re-ba, [...]) = If you want to, [...].
  • ホームドア (ho-mu-do-a) = platform doors

Lesson 6[]

  • ダメ (da-me) = it is not good/you cannot
  • ダメな (da-me-na) = hopeless
  • 約束 (ya-ku-so-ku) = promise/deal
  • 合う約束 (a-u-ya-ku-so-ku) = promise to meet
  • 約束を破る (ya-ku-so-ku o ya-bu-ru) = to break a promise
  • 約束を破ってはいけません (ya-ku-so-ku o ya-but-te-wa-i-ke-ma-sen) = you must not break a promise
  • 守ります (ma-mo-ri-ma-su) = I will protect
  • 守って欲しいです (ma-mot-te ho-shī-de-su) = I want you to protect/keep
  • 守らなければなりません (ma-mo-ra-na-ke-re-ba-na-ri-ma-sen) = you have to protect (objective)
  • 守らなければいけません (ma-mo-ra-na-ke-re-ba-i-ke-ma-sen) = I have to protect (subjective)
  • 破った (ya-bu-tta) = broke/violated

References[]


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