Obligations 2 is the 85th skill (assuming read left to right) in the Japanese language course. It has 6 lessons.


Grammar Notes[edit | edit source]

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Lessons[edit | edit source]

Lesson 1[edit | edit source]

  • な (na) = (polite)
  • これを食べな (ko-re-wo-ta-be-na) = Eat this. (polite)
  • ほら (ho-ra) = hey (interjection)
  • 確かに (ta-shi-ka-ni) = certainly
  • 責任 (se-ki-nin) = blame
  • 安全 (an-zen) = safety
  • 第一 (dai-i-chi) = the most important / foremost / first
  • 安全が第一です (an-zen-ga-dai-i-chi-de-su) = Safety is the most important.
  • かどうか (ka-dou-ka) = whether or not
  • 彼らが寿司をたべるかどうか分かりますか?(ka-re-ra-ga-su-shi-wo-ta-be-ru-ka-dou-ka-wa-ka-ri-ma-su-ka) = Do you know whether or not they will eat Sushi?
  • ...を持ちなさい (...-wo-mo-chi-na-sai) = Take ... !

Lesson 2[edit | edit source]

  • な (na) = don't
  • 驚くな (o-do-ro-ku-na) = don't be surprised
  • ...を怠ってはならない (...-wo-o-ko-ta-tte-wa-na-ra-nai) = You must not neglect ... .
  • 怠った (o-ko-ta-tta) = I neglected
  • 怠る (o-ko-ta-ru) = to neglect
  • 義務 (gi-mu) = duty / obligation
  • 義務を怠るな (gi-mu-wo-o-ko-ta-ru-na) = Don't neglect your duties.
  • 私たちは義務的に仕事をする。(wa-ta-shi-ta-chi-wa-gi-mu-te-ki-ni-shi-go-to-wo-su-ru) = We work out of compulsion.
  • ...[かどうか]確かめてくれませんか (...-[ka-dou-ka]-ta-shi-ka-me-te-ku-re-mas-sen-ka) = could you check whether ... ?
  • 確かめた (ta-shi-ka-me-ta) = I checked / confirmed
  • 彼女に確かめたの?(ka-no-jo-ni-ta-shi-ka-me-ta-no) = Did you check with her?
  • ...がもったいない (...-ga-mo-ttai-nai) = ... is being wasted
  • 彼女は彼にはもったいない。(ka-no-jo-wa-ka-re-ni-wa-mo-ttai-nai) = She is too good for him.
  • 到着した (tou-cha-ku-shi-ta) = I arrived
  • 助けるの (ta-su-ke-ru-no) = the act of helping
  • 助けるの (ki-mi-wo-ta-su-ke-ru-no) = the act of helping you
  • 必要がないものにお金を使うのはもったいない。(hi-tsu-you-ga-nai-mo-no-ni-o-ka-ne-wo-tsu-ka-u-no-wa-mo-ttai-nai) = Spending money on unnecessary things is wasteful.

Lesson 3[edit | edit source]

  • 真面目な (ma-ji-me) = diligent
  • 真面目にやりなさい (ma-ji-me-ni-ya-ri-na-sai) = Get serious!
  • ...を担当しています (...-wo-tan-tou-shi-te-i-ma-su) = I am in charge of ...
  • 担当者 (tan-tou-sha) = the person in charge
  • 当番 (tou-ban) = on duty (adj.)
  • 掃除当番 (sou-ji-tou-ban) = cleaning duty
  • 怠ける (na-me-ke-ru) = to be lazy
  • 怠け者 (na-ma-ke-mono) = a lazy person
  • ...を受け取った (...-wo-u-ke-to-tta) = I got ...
  • 知らせ (shi-ra-se) = news
  • [怠けない]

Lesson 4[edit | edit source]

  • 家事 (ka-ji) = housework
  • 分担しよう (bun-tan-shi-you) = let's divide
  • 努力家 (do-ryo-ku-ka) = hard worker
  • 努力 (do-ryo-ku) = effort
  • 無駄 (mu-da) = waste
  • 無駄にするな (mu-da-ni-su-ru-na) = don't waste (it)
  • 無駄な努力はしたくない (mu-da-na-do-ryo-ku-wa-shi-ta-ku-nai) = I do not want to waste any effort.
  • 終わる (o-wa-ru) = to finish
  • 終わった (o-wa-tta) = it finished

Lesson 5[edit | edit source]

  • 際 (sai) = occasion / situation
  • 家事の際は (ka-ji-no-sai-wa) = in case of fire
  • 公共 (kou-kyou) = public
  • 公共のもの (kou-kyou-no-mo-no) = public property
  • 喫煙 (ki-tsu-en) = the act of smoking
  • 飲酒 (in-shu) = the act of drinking alcohol
  • 飲酒運転 (in-shu-un-ten) = the act of drunk driving
  • ...を禁止されている (...-wo-kin-shi-sa-re-te-i-ru) = it is prohibited to ...
  • ...を禁じている (...-wo-kin-ji-te-i-ru) = ... is banned
  • 禁じられている (kin-ji-ra-re-te-i-ru) = it is banned
  • 医者に飲酒を禁止されている。(i-sha-ni-in-shu-wo-kin-shi-sa-re-te-i-ru) = I have been prohibited from drinking alcohol by my doctor.
  • 公共の場所で喫煙が禁じられている 。(kou-kyou-no-ba-sho-de-no-ki-tsu-en-ga-shin-ji-ra-re-te-i-ru) = Smoking in public places is banned.
  • 駐車するの (chuu-sha-su-ru-no) = the act of parking
  • [喫煙者, 禁じられた, 禁じる]

Lesson 6[edit | edit source]

  • 要求, 説得, とする, として, とした, 努め, 努めた, 終えた, 終え, 応じた, 応じて, 応じなかった, 求

Lesson 7[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]


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