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Obligations 2 is the 85th skill (assuming read left to right) in the Japanese language course. It has 6 lessons.


Grammar Notes[]

Summarize, but do not quote, any grammar notes provided with this skill. Notes from Duolingo are copyrighted, and cannot be added here verbatim without permission. Make sure to reference any tips and notes from Duolingo or anywhere else.

Lessons[]

Lesson 1[]

  • な (na) = (polite)
  • これを食べな (ko-re-wo-ta-be-na) = Eat this. (polite)
  • ほら (ho-ra) = hey (interjection)
  • 確かに (ta-shi-ka-ni) = certainly
  • 責任 (se-ki-nin) = blame / responsibility
  • 安全 (an-zen) = safety
  • 第一 (dai-i-chi) = the most important / foremost / first
  • 安全が第一です (an-zen-ga-dai-i-chi-de-su) = Safety is the most important.
  • かどうか (ka-dō-ka) = whether or not
  • 彼らが寿司をたべるかどうか分かりますか?(ka-re-ra-ga-su-shi-wo-ta-be-ru-ka-dō-ka-wa-ka-ri-ma-su-ka) = Do you know whether or not they will eat Sushi?
  • ...を持ちなさい (...-wo-mo-chi-na-sai) = Take ... !

Lesson 2[]

  • な (na) = don't
  • 驚くな (o-do-ro-ku-na) = don't be surprised
  • ...を怠ってはならない (...-wo-o-ko-ta-tte-wa-na-ra-nai) = You must not neglect ... .
  • 怠った (o-ko-ta-tta) = I neglected
  • 怠る (o-ko-ta-ru) = to neglect
  • 義務 (gi-mu) = duty / obligation
  • 義務を怠るな (gi-mu-wo-o-ko-ta-ru-na) = Don't neglect your duties.
  • 私たちは義務的に仕事をする。(wa-ta-shi-ta-chi-wa-gi-mu-te-ki-ni-shi-go-to-wo-su-ru) = We work out of compulsion.
  • ...[かどうか]確かめてくれませんか (...-[ka-dō-ka]-ta-shi-ka-me-te-ku-re-mas-sen-ka) = could you check whether ... ?
  • 確かめた (ta-shi-ka-me-ta) = I checked / confirmed
  • 彼女に確かめたの?(ka-no-jo-ni-ta-shi-ka-me-ta-no) = Did you check with her?
  • ...がもったいない (...-ga-mo-ttai-nai) = ... is being wasted
  • 彼女は彼にはもったいない。(ka-no-jo-wa-ka-re-ni-wa-mo-ttai-nai) = She is too good for him.
  • 到着した (tō-cha-ku-shi-ta) = I arrived
  • 助けるの (ta-su-ke-ru-no) = the act of helping
  • 助けるの (ki-mi-wo-ta-su-ke-ru-no) = the act of helping you
  • 必要がないものにお金を使うのはもったいない。(hi-tsu-yō-ga-nai-mo-no-ni-o-ka-ne-wo-tsu-ka-u-no-wa-mo-ttai-nai) = Spending money on unnecessary things is wasteful.

Lesson 3[]

  • 真面目な (ma-ji-me) = diligent
  • 真面目にやりなさい (ma-ji-me-ni-ya-ri-na-sai) = Get serious!
  • ...を担当しています (...-wo-tan-tō-shi-te-i-ma-su) = I am in charge of ...
  • 担当者 (tan-tō-sha) = the person in charge
  • 当番 (tō-ban) = on duty (adj.)
  • 掃除当番 (sō-ji-tō-ban) = cleaning duty
  • 怠ける (na-me-ke-ru) = to be lazy
  • 怠け者 (na-ma-ke-mo-no) = a lazy person
  • ...を受け取った (...-wo-u-ke-to-tta) = I got ...
  • 知らせ (shi-ra-se) = news
  • [怠けない]

Lesson 4[]

  • 家事 (ka-ji) = housework
  • 分担しよう (bun-tan-shi-yō) = let's divide
  • 努力家 (do-ryo-ku-ka) = hard worker
  • 努力 (do-ryo-ku) = effort
  • 無駄 (mu-da) = waste
  • 無駄にするな (mu-da-ni-su-ru-na) = don't waste (it)
  • 無駄な努力はしたくない (mu-da-na-do-ryo-ku-wa-shi-ta-ku-nai) = I do not want to waste any effort.
  • 終わる (o-wa-ru) = to finish
  • 終わった (o-wa-tta) = it finished

Lesson 5[]

  • 際 (sai) = occasion / situation
  • 家事の際は (ka-ji-no-sai-wa) = in case of fire
  • 公共 (kō-kyō) = public
  • 公共のもの (kō-kyō-no-mo-no) = public property
  • 喫煙 (ki-tsu-en) = the act of smoking
  • 飲酒 (in-shu) = the act of drinking alcohol
  • 飲酒運転 (in-shu-un-ten) = the act of drunk driving
  • ...を禁止されている (...-wo-kin-shi-sa-re-te-i-ru) = it is prohibited to ...
  • ...を禁じている (...-wo-kin-ji-te-i-ru) = ... is banned
  • 禁じられている (kin-ji-ra-re-te-i-ru) = it is banned
  • 医者に飲酒を禁止されている。(i-sha-ni-in-shu-wo-kin-shi-sa-re-te-i-ru) = I have been prohibited from drinking alcohol by my doctor.
  • 公共の場所で喫煙が禁じられている 。(kō-kyō-no-ba-sho-de-no-ki-tsu-en-ga-shin-ji-ra-re-te-i-ru) = Smoking in public places is banned.
  • 駐車するの (chū-sha-su-ru-no) = the act of parking
  • [喫煙者, 禁じられた, 禁じる]

Lesson 6[]

  • 要求 (yō-kyū) = a demand [also, from Skill: Authority; 'a request']
  • 彼に...を要求した (ka-re-ni-...-wo-yō-kyū-shi-ta) = I demanded him ...
  • しようとしている (shi-yō-to-shi-te-i-ru) = I am trying to do something
  • 教授を説得しようとした (kyō-ju-wo-se-tto-ku-shi-yō-to-shi-ta) = I tried to persuade the professor
  • 彼女を説得しようとしても無駄だ (ka-no-jo-wo-se-tto-ku-shi-yō-to-shi-te-mo-mu-da-da) = Trying to persuade her is a waste / useless.
  • 反対派を説得できないでしょう。(han-tai-ha-wo-se-tto-ku-de-ki-nai-de-shō) = We were not able to persuade the opposition.
  • 努めた (tsu-to-me-ta) = I did my best
  • 親切にするように努めなさい。(shin-se-tsu-ni-su-ru-yō-ni-tsu-to-me-na-sai) = Do your best in kindness.
  • 笑わないように努めた (wa-ra-wa-nai-yō-ni-tsu-to-me-ta) = I did my best not to laugh ("I did my best so that I do not laugh.")
  • ...を終えた (...-wo-o-e-ta) = I ended
  • [要求に]応じた ([yō-kyū-ni]-ō-ji-ta) = I complied [to the request]
  • 応じなかった (ō-ji-na-ka-tta) = I did not comply
  • 私は頼みに応じてくれたのでとても嬉しかった。(wa-ta-shi-wa-ta-no-mi-ni-ō-ji-te-ku-re-ta-no-de-to-te-mo-u-re-shi-ka-tta) = I was very happy that they complied with my request.
  • [とする, として, とした]

References[]


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