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Intro 3 is the fifteenth skill (assuming read left to right) in the Japanese language course. It has six lessons and introduces many other common sentences and basic Japanese grammar.

Grammar Notes[]

Sentence tags[]

Some sentences in Japanese have tags at the end to indicate the intention of the speaker. Two are introduced in this skill: ね and よ.

  • ね means that the speaker is unsure of the statement but not directly asking. The closest equivalent in English is adding "isn't it?" or "right?" at the end of a sentence.
  • よ means that the speaker

Plurals[]

Most of the time, Japanese doesn't really indicate the plural of something. The word 犬 can mean "dog" or "dogs", for instance. But if you want to make the plural obvious, you add たち (tachi)!

Lessons[]

Lesson 1[]

  • 京都 (kyou-to) = Kyoto (きょうと)
  • 東京 (tou-kyou) = Tokyo (とうきょう)
  • 住んでいます (su-n-de-i-masu) = I live (にすんでいます)
  • 住んでいません (su-n-de-i-ma-sen) = I do not live (にすんでいません)

Lesson 2[]

  • 阪 (sa-ka) = slope (さか)
  • 大阪 (oosaka) = Osaka (おおさか)
  • 歳 (sai) = years old (さい)
  • 一歳 (i-ssai) = one year old (いっさい)
  • 二歳 (ni-sai) two years old (にさい)
  • 四歳 (yon-sai) = four years old (よんさい)
  • 五歳 (go-sai) = five years old (ごさい)
  • 六歳 (roku-sai) = six years old (ろくさい)
  • 十六歳 (juu-rok-sai) = sixteen years old (じゅうろくさい)
  • 十八歳 (juu-ha-sai) = eighteen years old (じゅうはさい)
  • 三十二歳 (san-jyuu-nisai) = thirty two years old (さんじゅうにさい)
  • 申し (mou-shi) = to be called (もうし)
  • 申します (mou-shi-ma-su) = my name is (もうします)

Lesson 3[]

  • 留学 (ryuu-gaku) = study abroad りゅうがく
  • 留学生 (ryuu-gaku-sei) = foreign exchange student (りゅうがくせい )
  • 外国人 (gai-koku-jin) = foreigner (がいこくじん)
  • そうです (sou-desu) = that is right
  • よ (yo) = you know
  • ね (ne) = isn't it/isn't there?
  • よね (yo-ne) = right?
  • よろしくね (yo-ro-shi-ku-ne) = nice to meet you

Lesson 4[]

  • 年生 (nen-sei) = school grade/year (ねんせい )
  • 二年生 (ni-nen-sei) = second grader (にねんせい)
  • 四年生 (yo-nen-sei) = fourth grader (よねんせい)
  • 違い (chi-gai) = difference (ちがい)
  • 小学 (shou-gaku) = elementary/primary school (しょうがく)
  • 小学生 (shou-gaku-sei) = elementary school student (しょうがくせい)
  • 中学生 (chuu-gaku-sei) = middle school student (ちゅうがくせい)
  • 私 (wa-ta-shi) = I/me (わたし) 

Lesson 5[]

  • 違います (chiga-i-masu) = that is not right (ちがいます)
  • たち (tachi) = pluralising suffix
  • 大学 (dai-gaku) = university/college (だいがく)
  • 大学生 (dai-gaku-sei) = university/college student (だいがくせい)
  • 大学生たち (dai-gaku-sei-tachi) = university/college students (だいがく-せい-たち)
  • 高校 (kou-kou) = high school (こうこう)
  • 高校生 (kou-kou-sei) = high school student (こうこうせい)
  • 高校生たち (kou-kou-sei-tachi) = high school students (こうこうせいたち)
  • 中学生たち (chuu-gaku-sei-tachi) = middle school students (ちゅうがく-せい-たち)
  • 小学生たち (shou-gaku-sei-tachi) = elementary school students (しょうがく-せい-たち)

Lesson 6[]

  • 直美 (nao-mi) = Naomi (female name) (なおみ)
  • 健太 (ken-ta) = Kenta (male name) (けんた)

References[]

Duolingo Lesson: www.duolingo.com/skill/ja/Introduction-3

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