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Intro 2 is the ninth skill (assuming read left to right) in the Japanese language course. It has five lessons and teaches how to do questions, introduce the subject and some other basic phrases in Japanese.

Grammar Notes[]

Where's the subject?[]

Japanese doesn't require the subject in the sentence. It's generally assumed that if there's no subject indicated, a statement is about the speaker and a question is directed at the person you're speaking to!

Pronouns[]

But if you do want to include the pronouns in, you put them at the beginning of the sentence, followed by は!

  • 私は英語が話せます = I can speak English.

Questions, anyone?[]

If you want to turn a statement into a question, simply add か to the end!

  • イタリア語が話せますか? = Do you speak Italian?

[Advanced Lesson] Summary of all variants of これ throughout the course[]

Please skip this section if this is the first time you are learning this page. I did not know where else to put this and decided it be here until further decision.

Kanji/Character Rōmaji Translation
これ/此れ

それ/其れ
あれ/彼
どれ/何れ

Kore

Sore
Are
Dore

This (close to me)

That (far from me but close to you)
That (far from both of us)
Which (questions the designation)

この/此の

その/其の
あの/彼の
どの/何の







Kono (obj.)

Sono (obj.)
Ano (obj.)
Dono (obj.)







This (object)

That (object)
That (object)
Which (object)
The same as those above in meanings, この are used right before an object in a sentence, to designate the object rather than its location as you would with これ.「これです」means ‘it's this’, while「このひとです」means ‘it's this man’.

ここ/此処

そこ/其処
こ/彼処
どこ/何処

Koko

Soko
Asoko
Doko

Here (close to me)

There (far from me but close to you)
There (far from both of us)
Where (questions the location)

こちら/此方

そちら/其方
あちら/彼方
どちら/何方

Kochira

Sochira
Achira
Dochira

This way (close to me)

That way (far from me but close to you)
That way (far from both of us)
Which way (questions the direction)

こっち

そっち
あっち
どっち





Kotch-chi

Sotch-chi
Atch-chi
Dotch-chi





This way (close to me)

That way (far from me but close to you)
That way (far from both of us)
Which way (questions the direction)
They have the same meanings as those right above them. Because these are the slang versions of their above. The reason why they have no Kanji, because Kanji are the formal way of representing language.

これら/此れ等
(rare)

それら/それ等
あれら/彼等
(rare)
どれら

Korera

Sorera
Arera

Dorera

These (close to me)

Those (far from me but close to you)
Those (far from both of us)

Which ones (questions the designation)

こんな

そんな
あんな
どんな

Konna (obj. plural)

Sonna (obj. plural)
Anna (obj. plural)
Donna (obj. plural)

(objects) like this

(objects) like that
(objects) like that
what kind of (objects) (questions the categorisation)

こうゆう/こう言う

そうゆう/そう言う
ああゆう/ああ言う
どうゆうふうに/どういう風に

Kōyū

Sōyū
Āyū
Dōyūfūni

(objects) like this

(objects) like this

こうやって

そうやって
ああやって
どうやって

Kōyatte

Sōyatte
Āyatte
Dōyatte

は (ha) → ば (ba)
こうして/斯うして(rare)

そうして/然うして(rare)
ああして
どうして/如何して

Kōshite /kosh-te/

Sōshite /shosh-te/
Āshite /ash-te/
Dōshite /dosh-te/

は (ha) → ば (ba)

kore,kono,koko,kochira,kochchi,korera,konna,kouyuu,kouyatte,koushite...koitsu, kou/koukashira

Lessons[]

Lesson 1[]

  • 私 (watashi) = I (わたし)
  • いいえ (iie) = no
  • も (mo) = also/as well/and
  • ではありません (dewa arimasen) = not

Lesson 2[]

  • 話す (hanase) = to be able to speak (はなせ)
  • 話せます (hanasemasu) = I can speak (はなせます)
  • 話せますか?(hanasemasu ka) = can you speak? (はなせますか)
  • 語 (go) = language (ご)
  • 日本語 (nihongo) = Japanese (language) (にほんご)
  • 英語 (eigo) = English (language) (えいご)
  • が (ga) = indicates the subject, subject marker - used for adjectives and some nouns
  • ます (masu) = polite form

Lesson 3[]

  • 気 (ki) = spirit, feeling (き)
  • 元気 (genki) = fine/well (casual) (げんき)
  • お (o) = formal, polite form
  • お元気 (ogenki) = fine/well (formal) (おげんき)
  • お元気ですか?(ogenkidesu ka) = how are you? (おげんきですか)
  • 元気です (genkidesu) = I am well/I am fine (げんきです)
  • ええ (ee) = yes
  • と (to) = and (only for nouns)
  • もちろん (mochiron) = of course
  • もちろんです (mochirondesu) = of course
  • 田中先生 (tanaka-sensei) = Professor Tanaka (たなかせんせい)

Lesson 4[]

  • 名 (na) = name (な)
  • 名前 (namae) = name (なまえ)
  • お名前 (onamae) = name (formal) (おなまえ)
  • あの (ano) = ah, um
  • イタリア語 (itariago) = Italian (language) (イタリアご)
  • フランス語 (furansugo) = French (language) (フランスご)
  • スペイン語 (supeingo) = Spanish (language) (スペインご)
  • 何 (nan/nani) = what (なん/なに) - nani is used if the next word begins with 't' 'd' or 'n'.
  • 何人 (nanijin) = how many people (なにじん)
  • それ (sore) = that/it (can be used as a pronoun, so don't need to specify the object referred to)

Lesson 5[]

  • 僕 (boku) = I/me (casual) (ぼく)
  • の (no) = of
  • 僕の (boku no) = my/mine (casual) (ぼくの)
  • 私の (watashi-no) = my/mine (polite) (わたしの)
  • 茂 (shigeru) = Shigeru (male name) (しげる)
  • さくら (sakura) = Sakura (female name)

References[]

Duolingo Lesson: www.duolingo.com/skill/ja/Introduction-2

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