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Intro 1 is the 7th skill (assuming read left to right) in the Japanese language course. It has 4 lessons.

Grammar Notes[]

Kanji[]

Kanji are Chinese characters that are used in Japanese and replace hiragana for things like nouns, verbs and adjectives. They have to be memorized, as a kanji character reflects the meaning of the word, not how it sounds! Kanji used in groups can also have meanings or pronunciations different from each kanji individually. As examples:

  • 本 means "book", but in 日本 it means "origin".
  • 日 is pronounced "ni" in 日本 (Japan), but "bi" in 金曜日 (Friday).

In the lesson notes, we'll have the kanji, what it means, the pronunciation and the hiragana equivalent.

です[]

です goes at the end of a positive statement (not a question, nor a statement with "not" in it). In this skill, you can treat it as some version of "be" like "I am" or "you are":

  • アメリカ人です = I am an American.

If you want to ask a question where the answer has です at the end of it, end the sentence with ですか:

  • 中国出身ですか = Are you from China?

The は marker[]

If you do want to be clear who you're talking about (the subject of a sentence), put it at the beginning of the sentence and put は (which is pronounced "wa" not "ha"!) just after it:

  • 中村さんは日本人です = Mr. Nakamura is Japanese.


Lessons[]

Lesson 1[]

  • はじめまして (hajimemashite) = nice to meet you (meeting for the first time)
  • どうぞよろしく (douzo yoroshiku) = nice to meet you
  • 人 (jin) = nationality of (じん)
  • アメリカ人 (amerika-jin) = American (person) (アメリカじん)
  • イギリス人 (igirisu-jin) = British (person) (イギリスじん)
  • フランス人 (furansu-jin) = French (person) (フランスじん)
  • 出身 (shusshin) = from, come from (しゅっしん)
  • アメリカ出身 (amerika shusshin) = from the US (アメリカしゅっしん)
  • イギリス出身 (igirisu shusshin) = from the UK (イギリスしゅっしん)
  • です (desu) = politeness marker, affirmative, I am/is/are

Lesson 2[]

  • 中国 (chuugoku) = China (ちゅうごく)
  • 中国人 (chuugoku-jin) = Chinese (person) (ちゅうごくじん)
  • 中国出身 (chuugoku shusshin) = from China (ちゅうごくしゅっしん)
  • 本 (hon) = book (ほん)
  • 日本 (nihon) = Japan (にほん)
  • 日本人 (nihon-jin) = Japanese (person) (にほんじん)
  • 日本出身 (nihonshusshin) = from Japan (にほんしゅっしん)

Lesson 3[]

  • さん (san) = Mr./Mrs./Ms.
  • 田中 (tanaka) = Tanaka (family name) (たなか)
  • 本田 (honda) = Honda (family name) (ほんだ)
  • 田中さん (tanaka-san) = Mr./Mrs./Ms. Tanaka (たなかさん)
  • 本田さん (honda-san) = Mr./Mrs./Ms. Honda (ほんださん)
  • 言い (ii) = call (いい)
  • と言います (toiimasu) = I am called/my name is (といいます)
  • は (wa) = topic marker

Lesson 4[]

  • はい (hai) = yes
  • 学生 (gakusei) = student (がくせい)
  • 村 (mura) = mura (むら)
  • 中村 (nakamura) = Nakamura (family name) (なかむら)
  • か (ka) = question marker

References[]


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