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Hobby 3 is the 44th skill (assuming read left to right) in the Japanese language course. It has 6 lessons.

Grammar Notes[]

Summarize, but do not quote, any grammar notes provided with this skill. Notes from Duolingo are copyrighted, and cannot be added here verbatim without permission. Make sure to reference any tips and notes from Duolingo or anywhere else.

Lessons[]

Lesson 1[]

  • テニス (te-ni-su) = tennis
  • 野球 (ya-kyu-u) = baseball (やきゅう)
  • 練習 (ren-shuu) = practice; training; drill (れんしゅう)
  • 野球の練習 (ya-kyu-u-no-ren-shuu) = baseball practice (やきゅうのれんしゅう)
  • 練習があります (ren-shuu-ga-a-ri-ma-su) = there is practice (れんしゅうがあります)
  • 上手 (jou-zu) = good at (じょうず)
  • 下手 (he-ta) = bad/not good at (へた)
  • 結婚+する (ke-kkon-su-ru) = to get married (けっこんする)
  • Normalizing verbs (activities) to describe them (with adverbs):
    • Use the verb (activity) you want to talk about in Plain Form (they always end with an う sound)
      • (oyo-gu) = to swim (およ)
      • 食べ (ta-be-ru) = to eat (たべ)
      • 勉強す (ben-kyou-su-ru) = to study (べんきょうす)
    • Add the particle after the verb:
      • 泳ぐ (oyo-gu-no) = swim/swimming (およぐ)
      • 食べる (ta-be-ru-no) = eat/eating (たべる)
      • 勉強する (ben-kyou-su-ru-no) = study/studying (べんきょうする)
    • Add the particle + adverb:
      • 泳ぐのがはやいです (oyo-gu-no-ga-ha-ya-i-de-su) = (I) swim fast/(My) swimming is fast (およぐのがはやいです)
      • 食べるのがすきです (ta-be-ru-no-ga-su-ki-de-su) = (I) like to eat; (I) like eating (たべるのがすきです)
      • 勉強するのが上手です (ben-kyou-su-ru-no-ga-jou-zu-de-su) = (I'm) good at studying (べんきょうするのがじょうずです)
  • 泳ぐ (oyo-gu) = to swim (およぐ)
  • 泳ぐのが上手 (oyo-gu-no-ga-jou-zu) = good at swimming (およぐのじょうず)
  • 勉強+する (ben-kyou-su-ru) = to study (べんきょうする)
  • 勉強するの (ben-kyou-su-ru-no) = studying (べんきょうするの)
  • 面白くする (o-mo-shi-ro-ku-su-ru) = makes it interesting (おもしろくする)
  • するの (su-ru-no) = playing
  • 疲れる (tsuka-re-ru) = (1) to get tired; to tire; to get fatigued; (...) (v1, vi) (つかれる)
  • 疲れます (tsu-ka-re-ma-su) = it is tiring (つかれます)

Lesson 2[]

  • サッカー (sa-kkaa) = soccer/football
  • アニメ (a-ni-me) = anime
  • カラオケ (ka-ra-o-ke) = karaoke
  • 走るの (hashi-ru-no) = to run (はしるの)
  • 字 (ji) = handwriting/writing neatly (じ)
  • 行く (i-ku) = to go; to move (in a direction or towards a specific location) (いく)
  • 行くの (i-ku-no) = going to (いくの)
  • 行く時間です (i-ku-ji-kan-de-su) = it is time to go (いくじかんです)

Lesson 3[]

  • 漫画 (man-ga) = manga/comic books (まんが)
  • 撮る (to-ru) = to take (a photo); to record (video, audio, etc.) (とる)
  • 写真を撮るの (sha-shin-o-to-ru-no) = taking photos (しゃしんをとるの)
  • 見る (mi-ru) = to see; to look; to watch; to view (みる)
  • 見るの (mi-ru-no) = watching (みるの)
  • 歌う (uta-u) = to sing; to compose or recite a poem (うたう)
  • 歌うの (uta-u-no) = singing (うたうの)
  • 読む (yo-mu) = to read; to recite; to chant (よむ)
  • 読むの (yo-mu-no) = to read/reading (よむの)
  • 弾く (hi-ku) = to play (a stringed instrument or keyobard) (ひく)
  • 弾くの (hi-ku-no) = to play/playing (a musical instrument (ひくの)
  • 楽しいです (ta-no-shi-i-de-su) = it is fun/enjoyable (たのしいです)
  • 引く (hi-ku) = to play (a stringed instrument or keyobard); to look up (in a dictionary); to consult (ひく)
  • ピアノを引くのは難しいです (piano o-hi-ku-no-wa-mu-zu-ka-shi-de-su) = it is hard to play piano
  • 厚い (a-tsu-i) = thick (book)
  • 太い (fu-to-i) = thick (pipe)
  • 薄い (u-su-i) = thin (book)
  • 細い (ho-so-i) = thin (pipe)

Lesson 4[]

  • (da) = it is, isn't it
  • ゆっくり (yu-kku-ri) = slow; slowly
  • 行く時間だ (i-ku-ji-kan-da) = it is time to go (いくじかんだ)
  • と = used as a quotation particle
  • 頼む (tano-mu) = (1) to ask; to request; to beg; (v5m, vt) (たのむ)
  • 頼みました (ta-no-mi-ma-shi-ta) = I asked (たのみました)
  • (action) + と + 頼みました ((action) + to + tano-mi-ma-shi-ta) = asked to do (the action)
  • 多分 (ta-bun) = probably (たぶん)
  • 簡単 (kan-tan) = simple; easy; uncomplicated (かんたん)
  • 思う (omo-u) = (1) to think; to consider; to believe; to reckon (v5u, vt) (おもう)
  • 思います (o-mo-i-ma-su) = I think (おもいます)
  • 思いますか?(o-mo-i-ma-su-ka) = do you think? (おもいますか)
  • 掃除をする (sō-ji-o-su-ru) = clean
  • もうすぐ (mo-u-su-gu) = soon; shortly; before long; nearly
  • くると思います (ku-ru-to-o-mo-i-ma-su) = think (she) will come
  • 読んでと頼みました (yon-de-to-ta-no-mi-ma-shi-ta) = asked (him) to read

Lesson 5[]

  • ボール (boo-ru) = ball
  • 投げる (na-ge-ru) = (1) to throw; to hurl; to fling; to toss; to cast (v1, vt) (なげる)
  • 投げ (na-ge) = to throw (なげ)
  • 投げて (na-ge-te) = throw it (なげて)
  • 投げてください (na-ge-te-ku-da-sai) = please throw it (なげてください)
  • 投げました (na-ge-ma-shi-ta) = I threw it (なげました)
  • 蹴る (ke-ru) = (1) to kick (v5r, vt) (ける)
  • 蹴ってください (ket-te-ku-da-sai) = please kick it (けってください)
  • 蹴りました (ke-ri-ma-shi-ta) = I kicked it (けりました)

References[]


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