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Health 1 is the 46th skill (assuming read left to right) in the Japanese language course. It has 7 lessons.

Grammar Notes[]

Summarize, but do not quote, any grammar notes provided with this skill. Notes from Duolingo are copyrighted, and cannot be added here verbatim without permission. Make sure to reference any tips and notes from Duolingo or anywhere else.

Lessons[]

Lesson 1[]

  • 足 (a-shi) = foot/leg (あし)
  • 痛い (ita-i) = painful; sore (いたい)
  • 痛いです (ita-i-de-su) = it hurts (いたいです)
  • 痛くないです (ita-ku-na-i-de-su) = it does not hurt (いたくないです
  • 頭 (a-ta-ma) = head (あたま)
  • 頭がいい (atama-ga-ii) = smart; being smart ("good head"); I am smart (あたまがいい)
  • 風邪 (ka-ze) = a cold (かぜ)
  • 引く (hi-ku) = to pull; to lead; to catch (a cold); to look up (ひく)
  • 引いて (hi-i-te) = I caught/have (a cold) (ひいて)
  • お腹 (o-na-ka) = stomach (おなか)

Lesson 2[]

  • 体 (ka-ra-da) = body (からだ)
  • 体が大きい (karada-ga-oo-ki-i) = big body; big boned; stocky; between fat and strong (からだがおおきい)
  • 薬 (ku-su-ri) = medicine (くすり)
  • 背 (se) = one's height (せ)
  • 背が高い (se-ga-taka-i) = tall (person); I am tall (せがたかい)
  • 背が低い (se-ga-hiku-i) = short (person); I am short (せがひくい)
  • 医者 (i-sha) = doctor (いしゃ)
  • 呼ぶ (yo-bu) = to call out; to call; to invoke (よぶ)
  • 医者を呼んでください (i-sha-wo-yo-n-de-ku-da-sa-i) = please call a doctor (いしゃをよんでください)

Lesson 3[]

  • 顔 (ka-o) = face (かお)
  • 口 (ku-chi) = mouth (くち)
  • 手 (te) = hand (て)
  • 鼻 (ha-na) = nose (はな)
  • 鼻水 = nasal mucus
  • ぶどう (bu-do-u) = grapes
  • 病気 (byou-ki) = sick (びょうき)
  • 病気だ (byou-ki-da) = I am sick (びょうきだ)
  • 気持ちが悪いです (ki-mo-chi-ga-wa-rui-de-su) = I feel sick/unwell ("My feelings are bad.") (きもちがわるいです)
  • すぎる (su-gi-ru) = (Used as an Auxiliary Verb in this lesson) (6) to be too much; to be excessive; to be too ... (v1, vi, suf) (uk)
    • (verb stem) + すぎる = too much (of a verb); e.g. eat too much, drink too much, etc.
      • すぎます (su-gi-ma-su) = it is too much/too many
      • 食べ + すぎた (ta-be-su-gi-ta) = ate too many/too much (たべすぎた)
      • 飲み + すぎて (yo-mi-su-gi-te) = drank too much (よみすぎて)
    • (adjective stem) + すぎる = too much (of an adjective); e.g. too cold, far too many, etc.
      • 多い (oo-i) = many; numerous; a lot; large amount of (おおい)
      • 多 + すぎる (ō-su-gi-ru) = far too many/far too much (おおすぎる)
      • かわいい (ka-wa-i-i) = cute; adorable; charming
      • かわい + すぎる (ka-wa-i-su-gi-ru) = too cute/too adorable

Lesson 4[]

  • 耳 (mimi) = ear/eyes, hearing (みみ)
  • 目 (me) = eye/eyes (め)
  • 髪 (kami) = hair (on the head) (かみ)
  • ん (n) = emphasis
  • 切る (ki-ru) = to cut; to cut through (きる)
  • 髪を切りました (kami-wo-ki-ri-ma-shi-ta)= I cut my hair/I got a haircut (かみをきりました)
  • 洗う (ara-u) = to wash; to cleanse; to rinse (あらう)
  • 洗いませんでした (ara-i-ma-sen-de-shi-ta) = I did not wash it (あらいませんでした)
  • 寒いんだ (samu-i-n-da) = it's cold (さむいんだ)
  • 欲しいんです (ho-shi-i-n-de-su) = I would like (ほしいんです)

Lesson 5[]

  • 歯 (ha) = tooth/teeth (は)
  • 眼鏡 (me-ga-ne) = glasses (めがね)
  • 背中 (se-na-ka) = back (せなか)
  • まっすぐ (ma-ssu-gu) = straight; upright; erect
  • まっすぐにしてください (ma-ssu-gu-ni-shi-te-ku-da-sai) = please straighten it
  • 磨く (miga-ku) = (1) to polish; to shine; to brush (teeth) (v5k, vt) (みがく)
  • 歯を磨く (ha-wo-miga-ku) = (exp,v5k) to brush one's teeth (はをみがく)
  • 磨きます (mi-ga-ki-ma-su) = I brush/polish (みがきます)
  • 磨きましたか?(mi-ga-ki-ma-shi-ta-ka) = did you brush/polish? (みがきましたか)
  • 磨いてください (mi-ga-i-te-ku-da-sai) = please brush/polish (みがいてください)
  • 磨かないでください (mi-ga-ka-nai-de-ku-da-sai) = please do not brush/polish (みがかないでください)

Lesson 6[]

  • あった (a-tta) = there was/there were
  • 何か (na-ni-ka) = something (なにか)
  • あったんですか? (a-ttan-de-su-ka) = did happen?
  • 何かあったんですか? (na-ni-ka-a-ttan-de-su-ka) = did something happen? (なにかあったんですか)
  • だった (da-tta) = was/were
  • どうだった?(dō-da-tta) = how was it?
  • どうしたの?(dō-shi-ta-no) = what's wrong?
  • 帰る (kae-ru) = to go home; return (to origin); to come home; to go back (かえる)
  • 帰った (kae-tta) = I returned/came back/go home (かった)
  • 運転手 (un-ten-shu) = driver; chauffeur (うんてんしゅ)
  • 親切 (shin-setsu) = kind; gentle; considerate; generous (しんせつ)
  • (reason) + ので + (conclusion) = Because of (reason) -> (conclusion)
  • (action) + ほうがいい (hō-ga-i-i) = you should/It would be best to (action)
  • 休む (yasu-mu) = (2) to rest; to have a break (v5m, vi) (やすむ)
  • 休んだ (ya-sun-da) = I will rest/get some rest/take a day off, I rested/took a day off (やすんだ)
  • 運動 (un-dou) = exercise; physical training; workout; sports (うんどう)
  • 運動する (un-dou-su-ru) = (to) exercise; (to) workout (suru-verb) (うんどうする)
  • 運動するのです (un-dō-su-ru-no-de-su) = I work out/I exercise (うんどうするのです)
  • 運動するのですか?(un-dō-su-ru-no-de-su-ka) = do you work out/exercise? (うんどうするのですか)
  • 運動した (un-dō-shi-ta) = I worked out/I exercised (うんどうした)
  • きれいにした (ki-rei-ni-shi-ta) = I cleaned

Lesson 7[]

  • ある (a-ru) = plain form of to be; to exist (e.g. It is/there is)
  • ない (na-i) = plain negative of ある (e.g. It isn't/there isn't)
  • あった (a-tta) = plain past of ある (e.g. It was/there was)
  • なかった (na-ka-tta) = plain past negative of ある (e.g. It wasn't/there wasn't)
  • 私はお金がなかった (watashi-wa-o-kane-ga-na-ka-tta) = I had no money (literally: "there wasn't any money")
  • なる (na-ru) = (1) to become; to get; to grow; (...) (v5r, vi) (uk)
  • なった (na-tta) = it became/it got
  • (adverbial) + なる = to become (adverbial)
  • 暑い (atsu-i) = hot; warm; heated (あつい)
  • 暑く (connective form of 暑い) + なる (atsu-ku-na-ru)= to become hot (あつくなる)
  • 暑く + なった (atsu-ku-na-tta)= it became hot (あつくなった)
  • 勉強 + する (ben-kyou-su-ru) = to study (べんきょうする)
  • 勉強しなかった (ben-kyou-shi-na-ka-tta) = I did not study (べんきょうしなかった)
  • 運動 + する (un-dou-su-ru) = to exercise; to workout (うんどうする)
  • 運動しない (un-dō-shi-nai) = I do not exercise (うんどうしない)
  • 運動しなかった (un-dō-shi-na-ka-tta) = I did not exercise (うんどうしなかった)
  • 食べる (ta-be-ru) = to eat (たべる)
  • 食べてない (ta-ne-te-nai) = I have not eaten (たべてない)
  • 食べていなかった (ta-be-tei-na-ka-tta) = I was not eating (たべていなかった)
  • 飲む (no-mu) = to drink; to gulp; to swallow (のむ)
  • 飲んでいなかった (non-de-i-na-ka-tta) = I was not drinking (のんでいなかった)
  • 答える (kota-e-ru) = to answer; to reply (v1, vi) (P) (こたえる)
  • 答えた (ko-ta-e-ta) = I answered (こたえた)
  • 浴びる (a-bi-ru) = to take (a shower) (あびる)
  • 浴びた (a-bi-ta) = I took/I bathed (あびた)
  • 読む (yo-mu) = to read; to recite; to chant (よむ)
  • 読んでいた (yon-dei-ta) = I was reading (よんでいた)
  • 太る (futo-ru) = to gain weight; to put on weight; (...) (v5r, vi) (P) (ふとる)
  • もっと太っていました (mo-tto-fu-to-te-i-ma-shi-ta) = I was fatter (もっとふとっていました)
  • 痩せ (ya-se) = thin (やせ)
  • 痩せていた (ya-se-te-i-ta) = I was thin (やせていた)
  • 痩せていません (ya-se-te-i-ma-sen) = I am not thin (やせていません)
  • 待つ (ma-tsu) = to wait; to await; to look forward to (まつ)
  • 待っていてください (ma-tte-i-te-ku-da-sai) = please wait (まっていてください)

References[]


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