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Geography is the 90th skill (assuming read left to right) in the Japanese language course. It has 7 lessons.


Grammar Notes[]

Summarize, but do not quote, any grammar notes provided with this skill. Notes from Duolingo are copyrighted, and cannot be added here verbatim without permission. Make sure to reference any tips and notes from Duolingo or anywhere else.

Lessons[]

Lesson 1[]

  • 砂 (su-na) = sand
  • 大陸 (tai-ri-ku) = continent
  • 横断するの (ō-dan-su-ru-no) = the act of crossing (of a road)
  • 日本海 (ni-hon-kai) = the Sea of Japan
  • 暮らしている (ku-ra-shi-te-i-ru) = I live
  • ...と離れて暮らしている (...-to-ha-na-re-te-ku-ra-shi-te-i-ru) = I live away from ... ("..away with")
  • 君と離れては暮らせない。(ki-mi-to-ha-na-re-te-wa-ku-ra-se-nai) = I cannot live apart from you.
  • 彼女の言葉が頭から離れない。(ka-no-jo-no-ko-to-ba-ga-a-ta-ma-ka-ra-ha-na-re-nai) = Her words will not leave my mind.

Lesson 2[]

  • 方向 (hō-kō) = direction (from kanji, "the method of getting over there")
  • 火山 (ka-zan) = volcano (from kanji, "fire mountain")
  • 噴火 (fun-ka-shi-ta) = it erupted
  • 活火山 (ka-kka-zan) = active volcano
  • 太平洋 (tai-hei-yō) = the Pacific Ocean
  • ハワイは太平洋にある。(ha-wa-i-wa-tai-hei-you-ni-a-ru) = Hawaii is in the Pacific Ocean. ("Hawaii exists at the Pacific Ocean.")
  • 火山は突然噴火して、多くの人が亡くなりました。 (ka-zan-wa-to-tsu-zen-fun-ka-shi-te-ou-ku-no-hi-to-ga-na-ku-na-ri-ma-shi-ta) = The volcano erupted suddenly, and many people passed away.
  • 列島 (re-ttō) = archipelago

Lesson 3[]

  • ...の大部分 (...-no-dai-bu-bun) = most of ...
  • 砂漠 (sa-ba-ku) = desert
  • 表面 (hyō-men) = superficial
  • 彼の優しさは表面だけです。(ka-re-no-ya-sa-shi-sa-wa-hyō-men-da-ke-de-su) = His kindness is only a pretense / is only superficial.
  • 陸地 (ri-ku-chi) = the land
  • 陸地はどこにも見えなかった。(ri-ku-chi-wa-do-ko-ni-mo-mi-e-na-ka-tta) = I could not see land anywhere.

Lesson 4[]

  • 丘 (o-ka) = hill
  • 急な丘を登りました。(kyū-na-o-ka-wo-no-bo-ri-ma-shi-ta) = I climbed a steep hill.
  • 頂上 (chō-jō) = the summit (as in, "top of mountain")
  • 谷 (ta-ni) = valley
  • 丘の向こうには美しい谷がある。(o-ka-no-mu-kō-ni-wa-u-tsu-ku-shī-ta-ni-ga-a-ru) = There is a beautiful valley on the other side of the hill. ("...on the hill's other side")
  • 谷川 (ta-ni-ga-wa) = mountain stream
  • 谷川の水は驚くほど冷たかったです。(ta-ni-ga-wa-no-mi-zu-wa-o-do-ro-ku-ho-do-tsu-be-ta-ka-tta-de-su) = The mountain stream water was surprisingly cold.
  • 平ら (tai-ra) = flat (adjective)
  • 覆われていた (ō-wa-re-te-i-ta) = it was covered
  • 空は雲に覆われていた。(so-ra-ku-mo-ni-ō-wa-re-te-i-ru) = The sky was covered in clouds.
  • 湖は一面氷で覆われている。(mi-zū-mi-wa-i-chi-men-kō-ri-de-o-wa-re-te-i-ru) = The lake is all frozen over.

Lesson 5[]

  • 塔 () = tower
  • 国境 (ko-kkyō) = border
  • 越えた (ko-e-ta) = I crossed
  • 彼女は太平洋を越えアメリカへ行った。(ka-no-jo-wa-tai-hei-you-wo-ko-e-te-a-me-ri-ka-he-i-tta) = She crossed the Pacific Ocean and went to America. ("...she crossed [...] so that she could arrive in America.")
  • 彼らは国境を越えドイツに入った。(ka-re-ra-wa-ko-kkyō-wo-ko-e-te-do-i-tsu-ni-ha-i-tta) = They crossed the border and entered Germany. ("..crossed so that they could enter...")
  • ...に接しています (se-sshi-te-i-ma-su) = it borders ... ("it is positioned on the border of ...")
  • フランスは東はドイツと国境を接する。(fu-ran-su-wa-hi-ga-shi-wa-do-i-tsu-to-ko-kkyō-wo-se-sshi-su-ru) = France borders on Germany to the east. ("France, East, borders on the border with Germany.")
  • ...の真ん中 (...-no-man-na-ka) = the middle of ...

Lesson 6[]

  • 故郷 (ko-kyō) = home / hometown
  • 故郷が恋しい。(ko-kyō-ga-koi-shī) = I am homesick.
  • 都会 (to-kai) = the city
  • 都会が恋しいです。(to-kai-ga-koi-shī-de-su) = I miss the city.
  • ときには故郷が恋しくなることはありませんか? (to-ki-ni-wa-ko-kyō-ga-koi-shi-ku-na-ru-ko-to-wa-a-ri-ma-sen-ka) = Don't you sometimes get homesick?
  • ...の方 () = the side of ...
  • その町は東京の北の方にある。(so-no-ma-chi-wa-tō-kyō-no-ki-ta-no-hō-ni-a-ru) = That town lies to the north of Tokyo. ("That town exists at North Tokyo's side.")
  • 北東 (ho-ku-tō) = north-east
  • 北西 (ho-ku-sei) = north-west
  • もうこれ以上 (mō-ko-re-i-jō) = any further
  • 歩けない (a-ru-ke-nai) = I cannot walk
  • もうこれ以上歩けない。(mō-ko-re-i-jō-a-ru-ke-nai) = I cannot walk any further.
  • 学校までは歩いてどれくらいかかりますか?(ga-kkō-ma-de-wa-a-ru-i-te-do-re-ku-rai-ka-ka-ri-ma-su-ka) = How long does it take to walk to school?
  • 彼女は原宿の方に歩いていった。(ka-no-jo-wa-ha-ra-ju-ku-no-hō-ni-a-ru-i-te-i-tta) = She walked towards Harajuku.
  • 新しい場所を歩い回るのが好きです。(a-ta-ra-shī-ba-sho-wo-a-ru-i-te-ma-wa-ru-no-ga-su-ki-de-su) = I like exploring new places on foot. ("I like the act of walking to see to wander around new places.")
  • 都会の生活に疲れてしまった。 (to-kai-no-sei-ka-tsu-ni-tsu-ka-re-te-shi-ma-tta) = I got tired of living in an urban area.
  • 大都会 (dai-to-kai) = big city / metropolis [from Lesson: Home 3]
  • [歩いた]

Lesson 7[]

  • 郊外 (kō-gai) = suburbs
  • 南東 (nan-tō) = south-east
  • 南西 (nan-sei) = south-west
  • 道に迷いやすい人だ。(mi-chi-ni-ma-yoi-ya-sui-hi-to-ri-da) = I am a person who gets lost easily.
  • 途中で道に迷わないように、地図を持っていきなさい。(to-chū-de-mi-chi-ni-ma-yo-wa-nai-you-ni chi-zu-wo-mo-tte-i-ki-na-sai) = Take a map so that you do not get lost on the way.
  • 距離 (kyo-ri) = the distance
  • 東京から広島までの距離はどのくらいですか?(tō-kyō-ka-ra-hi-ro-shi-ma-ma-de-no-kyo-ri-wa-do-no-ku-rai-de-su-ka) = What is the distance from Tokyo to Hiroshima.
  • ホテルは駅から歩いて行ける距離にある。(ho-te-ru-wa-e-ki-ka-ra-a-ru-i-te-i-ke-ru-kyo-ri-ni-a-ru) = The hotel is within walking distance from the station. ("From the station, to walk to go to the hotel, there is distance.")
  • 向けなさい (mu-ke-na-sai) = turn
  • 顔を向けなさい。(ka-wo-wo-mu-ke-na-sai) = turn your face
  • 彼は他の男に注意を向けた。(ka-re-wa-ho-ka-no-o-to-ko-ni-chū-i-wo-mu-ke-ta) = He turned his attention to another man.
  • ...を向けてください (...-wo-mu-ke-te-ku-da-sai) = please face ... (from Lesson: Health 3)
  • [迷い, 迷った (Skill: Nature 3, Lesson 2), 迷って, 迷子]

References[]


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