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Class. 3 is the 45th skill in the Japanese language course. It has 6 lessons.

Grammar Notes[]

Summarize, but do not quote, any grammar notes provided with this skill. Notes from Duolingo are copyrighted, and cannot be added here verbatim without permission. Make sure to reference any tips and notes from Duolingo or anywhere else.

Lessons[]

Lesson 1[]

  • ニュース (nyuu-su) = news
  • 授業 (jugyō) = class
  • 大切 (tai-se-tsu) = important
  • ノート (noo-to) = notebook, note/notes
  • 教科書 (kyō-ka-sho) = textbook
  • 宿題 (shu-ku-dai) = homework
  • 携帯電話 (kei-tai-den-wa) = cell phone/mobile phone (けいたいでんわ)
  • 取る (to-ru) = (1) to take; to pick up; to grab; to catch (v5r, vt) (とる)
  • 取って (tot-te) = take it (とって)
  • 年を取って (to-shi-o-tot-te) = old (for people) (としをとって)
  • 年を取っています (to-shi-o-tot-te-i-ma-su) = he/she is old (used for people) / "taken some years" (としをとっています)
  • 取るのは (to-ru-no-wa) = taking / to take (とるのは)
  • 取らないで (to-ra-nai-de) = don't take it (とらないで)
  • 取らないでください (to-ra-nai-de-ku-da-sai) = please don't take it (とらないでください)
  • 見る (mi-ru) = to see; to look; to watch; to view (みる)
  • 見ないでください (mi-nai-de-ku-da-sai) = please don't look at (みないでください)
  • 行く (i-ku) = to go; to move (in a direction or towards a specific location) (いく
  • 行かないでください (i-ka-nai-de-ku-da-sai) = please don't go (いかないでください)
  • 練習しないでください (ren-shuu-shi-nai-de-ku-da-sai) = please don't practice (れんしゅうしないでください)

Lesson 2[]

  • カレンダー (ka-re-n-daa) = calendar
  • コピー (ko-pii) = copy
  • コピーしてください (ko-pii-shi-te-ku-da-sai) = please copy
  • コピーしないでください (ko-pii-shi-nai-de-ku-da-sai) = please don't copy
  • 文章 (bun-shō) = passage/text/sentence (ぶんしょう)
  • 作文 (sa-ku-bun) = essay/essays (さくぶん)
  • 書く (ka-ku) = to write; to compose; to pen (かく)
  • 書くの (ka-ku-no) = the act of writing (かくの)
  • そうなんだ (sō-nan-da) = is that so?
  • そうなんですか?(sō-nan-desu-ka) = is that so? 
  • そうなんですよ (sō-nan-desu-yo) = that's right

Lesson 3[]

  • 雑誌 (za-sshi) = magazine (ざっし)
  • ページ (pee-ji) = pages
  • 次 (tsu-gi) = next (つぎ)
  • 廊下 (rou-ka) = corridor; hallway; passageway (ろうか)
  • 何ページ (nan-pee-ji) = how many pages? (なんページ)
  • 並ぶ (nara-bu) = (1) to stand in a line; to line up (v5b, vi) (ならぶ)
  • 並びます (na-ra-bi-ma-su) = I will wait in line (ならびます)
  • 並ばないでください (na-ra-ba-na-i-de-ku-da-sa-i) = please don't wait in line (ならばないでください)
  • 返す (kae-su) = (1) to return (something); to restore; to put back (v5s, vt) (かえす)
  • 返します (kae-shi-ma-su) = I will return (かえします)
  • 返しました (kae-shi-ma-shi-ta) = I returned (かえしました)
  • 返して (kae-shi-te) = return it (かえして)
  • 返してください (kae-shi-te-ku-da-sa-i) = please return it (かえしてください)
  • 返さないでください (kae-sa-nai-de-ku-da-sai) = please don't return it (かえさないでください)
  • 返すのを忘れました (kae-su-no-o-wa-su-re-ma-shi-ta) = I forget to return (it)
  • 忘れる (wasu-re-ru) = to forget; to leave carelessly; to be forgetful of; (...) (v1, vt) (P) (わすれる)
  • 開く (hira-ku) = to open (a business for the first time); to undo; to unseal (ひらく)
  • 開いてください (hi-rai-te-ku-da-sai) = please open
  • 言う (i-u) = to say; to name; to call (いう)
  • 彼は....と言いました (ka-re wa.... to ii-ma-shi-ta) = he said that...

Lesson 4[]

  • 借りる (ka-ri-ru) = (1) to borrow; to have a loan (v1, vt) (かりる)
  • 借りました (ka-ri-ma-shi-ta) = I borrowed (かりました)
  • 借りないで (ka-ri-nai-de) = do not borrow (かりないで)
  • 借りてください (ka-ri-te-ku-da-sai) = please borrow (かりてください)
  • 借りないでください (ka-ri-nai-de-ku-da-sai) = please do not borrow (かりないでください)
  • 貸す (ka-su) = (1) to lend; to loan (v5s, vt) (かす)
  • 貸すの (ka-su-no) = to lend (かすの)
  • 貸します (ka-shi-ma-su) = I will lend (かします)
  • 貸してください (ka-shi-te-ku-da-sai) = may I use/please lend (かしてください)
  • 貸すのは嫌です (ka-su-no-wa-i-ya-de-su) = I hate to lend / do not like lending
  • 貸さないでください (ka-sa-nai-de-ku-da-sai) = please do not lend (かさないでください)
  • ほかの人 (ho-ka-no-hi-to) = others, other people (ほかのひと)

Lesson 5[]

  • やる (ya-ru) = (1) to do; to perform; to play (a game); to act (v5r, vt) (uk) (col) [colloquial version of する]
  • やります (ya-ri-ma-su) = I do it
  • やるの (ya-ru-no) = playing
  • やらないでください (ya-ra-nai-de-ku-da-sai) = please do not do/play it
  • 危ないスポーツ (a-bu-nai su-pō-tsu) = dangerous sports
  • 待つ (ma-tsu) = to wait; to await; to look forward to (まつ)
  • 待ってる (ma-tte-ru) = I am waiting (まってる)
  • いつでも (i-tsu-de-mo) = anytime
  • 来る (ku-ru) = to come (spatially or temporally); to approach; to arrive (くる)
  • 来て (ki-te) = to come (きて)
  • 水をやっています (mi-zu-o-ya-tte-i-ma-su) = I am watering it (みずをやっています)
  • 知る (shi-ru) = (1) to know; to be aware (of); to be conscious (of); (...) (v5r, vt) (しる)
  • 知っている (shi-tte-i-ru) = I know (しっている)
  • 書く (ka-ku) = to write; to compose; to pen (かく)
  • 書いているの?(kai-te-i-ru-no) = are you writing? (かいているの)
  • ていない (te-i-nai) = I am not
  • 食べる (ta-be-ru) = to eat (たべる)
  • 食べていない (ta-be-te-i-nai) = I am not eating

Lesson 6[]

  • 歩く (aru-ku) = to walk (あるく)
  • 歩くの (a-ru-ku-no) = I am walking (あるくの)
  • 思う (omo-u) = to think; to consider; to believe; to reckon (おもう)
  • 思いません (o-mo-i-ma-sen) = I do not think (おもいません)
  • やめる (ya-me-ru) = (1) to stop (an activity); to cease; to discontinue; to end; to quit (v1, vt) (uk)
  • やめてください (ya-me-te-ku-da-sai) = please stop
  • やめないでください (ya-me-nai-de-ku-da-sai) = please do not leave/stop
  • やめました (ya-me-ma-shi-ta) = I quitted
  • 渡す (wata-su) = (3) to hand over; (1) to ferry across (e.g. a river); to carry across; (...) (v5s, vt) (わたす)
  • 渡しました (wa-ta-shi-ma-shi-ta) = I gave/handed/submitted/passed it to (わたしました)
  • きれいなの?(ki-re-i-na-no) = is it pretty?
  • 好きなの?(su-ki-na-no) = do you like? (すきなの)
  • がある (ga-a-ru) = I have
  • があるの (ga-a-ru-no) = is there/do you have?

References[]


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