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Common Phrases is the 3rd skill (assuming read left to right) in the Italian language course. It has 2 lessons. In this skill, you will learn about negations, greetings, and the two common verbs essere (to be) and avere (to have).

Negations[]

Unlike in English, the Italian word non (not) is used in front of the verb.

  • Example: Lui non è una donna ("He is not a woman").

Greetings[]

  • Ciao (Hi, bye) = Both used for meeting and parting
  • Buongiorno (Good morning, good afternoon) = Mostly used for meeting; but can also be used for parting
  • Buonasera (Good evening) = Mostly used for meeting; but can also be used for parting.
  • Buonanotte (Good night) = Only parting

Verbs essere and avere[]

  • Essere:
Italian English
Sono I am
Sei You are (singular)
È He/she/it is
Siamo We are
Siete You are (plural)
Sono They are
  • Avere:
Italian English
Ho I have
Hai You have (singular)
Ha He/she/it has
Abbiamo We have
Avete You have (plural)
Hanno They have

(Please note that the h's in ho, hai, ha, and hanno are not pronounced)

Lessons[]

Lesson 1[]

  • buonasera = good evening
  • buongiorno = good morning
  • ciao = hello/bye
  • arrivederci = goodbye
  • = yes
  • no = no
  • non = not

Lesson 2[]

  • per favore = please
  • prego = please/you're welcome
  • grazie = thank you
  • spiacente = sorry
  • Mi dispiace = I'm sorry
  • buonanotte = good night

References[]


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