Verbs: Present Reflexive is the forty-fifth skill in the Hebrew language tree (assuming read left to right). It teaches the fourth binyan, הִתְפַּעֵל (hitpa'el) and contains six lessons.

Grammar Notes[edit | edit source]

Hitpa'el verbs tend to refer to reflexive actions such as shaving; that is, things that you do to yourself. They can also refer to processes, many of which are translated into English with the verbs "to get X" and "to become X". Some of them fit into neither of these groups, but they conjugate the same way (maybe they had that meaning in the past and now they don't).

A hitpa'el verb will look like this for the most part: ///להת. The conjugation of hitpa'el verbs looks like this:

להתגלח Masculine Feminine
Singular מתגלח מתגלחת
Plural מתגלחים מתגלחות

There are exceptions to the above pattern: if the three-letter pattern that follows the ת begins with a ס/ש/ז/צ, then the ת will switch places with that letter and, in case of ז and צ, the ת will turn into a ד or a ט respectively.

Lessons[edit | edit source]

Lesson 1[edit | edit source]

  • להשתמש = to use
  • להתגלח = to shave
  • להתקלח = to shower
  • להסתפר = to get a haircut
  • להתקשר = to call
  • להסתכל = to look at

Lesson 2[edit | edit source]

  • להתאמן = to train
  • להתחזק = to get stronger
  • להתקרב = to get closer
  • להתחנן = to beg
  • להתחנך = to get educated
  • להתגבר = to overcome

Lesson 3[edit | edit source]

  • להזדקן = to get older
  • להתקרר = to get cold
  • להתחמם = to get hot/warm
  • להתגעגע = to miss
  • להגמר = to be finished
  • להסתובב = to turn around

Lesson 4[edit | edit source]

  • להתחבא = to hide
  • להשתנות = to change
  • אחד את השני = each other
  • להשתכר = to get drunk
  • להתאושש = to recover

Lesson 5[edit | edit source]

  • להצטרף = to join
  • להתחבר = to connect
  • להתאחד = to unite
  • להתייעץ = to consult
  • להתכונן = to prepare
  • להתנתק = to disconnect

Lesson 6[edit | edit source]

  • להתעלם = to ignore
  • להתפלל = to pray
  • להתראות = to see each other/date
  • להתנצל = to apologize
  • להתעמל = to exercise
  • להתמודד = to cope
  • להתבלבל = to get confused

References[edit | edit source]

Duolingo Lesson: www.duolingo.com/skill/he/Verbs%3A-Present-Reflexive---Hitpa'el

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