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Also called 'Common Phrases', Phrases is the fourth (assuming left to right) skill in the German language tree. It contains four lessons teaching common phrases that are used in everyday language. This lesson is not concerned with grammar; it acts as a very simple phrasebook for beginners in this language.

Tips and Notes[]

Simple German Present Tense[]

In English, we have a present progressive and a present habitual- i.e. I am eating vs. I eat. In German, there is no distinction between these; both of them would translate to ich esse.

Wie geht's?[]

This the common German phrase for, "How are you?" This sentence uses the German verb gehen. More formally, the question is "Wie geht es dir/Ihnen?" (the later being the formal equivalent). Other examples of this question are, "Wie läuft es für dich?" (How is it going for you?) or, "Wie ergeht es dir?" (How are you faring?).

Willkommen[]

Willkommen clearly means "welcome," but don't confuse it with "You're welcome." This is more accurately gern geschehen or keine Ursache in German.

Lessons[]

Lesson 1[]

  • hallo = hello
  • tschüss = goodbye
  • danke = thanks
  • ja = yes
  • nein = no
  • bitte = please

Lesson 2[]

  • Guten Morgen = good morning
  • Guten Tag = good day
  • Guten Abend = good evening
  • Wie geht's? = How are you?
  • Mir geht's gut = I am doing well
  • gern geschehen = you're welcome

Lesson 3[]

  • Duo = Duo
  • willkommen = welcome
  • Auf Wiedersehen = See you later
  • bis bald = See you soon
  • bis später = See you later
  • bis morgen = until tomorrow

Lesson 4[]

  • es tut mir Leid = I am sorry (lit. It does me sorrow)
  • Gute Nacht = good night
  • Entschuldigung = excuse me/sorry
  • Es ist in Ordnung = that's right
  • Genau! = Exactly!
  • leider = unfortunately

Lesson 5[]

References[]

Duolingo Lesson: www.duolingo.com/skill/de/Common-Phrases