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Direction is the seventy-second (assuming read left to right) skill in the language tree for German. It has four lessons. These lessons are centered around going to or from a place, turning and going a different way, and the cardinal directions.

Explanation of her/hin and rein/raus[]

"hin" means away from the speaker towards some other place.

"her" means towards the speaker.

So "hinein" and "hinaus" means away from the speaker and towards the inside/outside.

And "herein" and "heraus" means towards the speaker and towards the inside/outside.

Imagine that you are inside a house. Someone knocks on the door. You say, "Komm herein!" (her = to me, -ein = towards the inside). After a while, your guest leaves. Er geht hinaus. (hin = away from you, -aus = towards the outside)

Now imagine that you are waiting outside the a hospital. Your friends has to go inside. "Er geht hinein." (hin = away from you; -ein = towards the inside.) After a while, he comes back out again. "Er kommt wieder heraus." (her = towards you; -aus = towards the outside)

"rein" and "raus" are colloquial abbreviations. They are originally from "herein" and "heraus" but can also be used in the sense of "hinein" and "hinaus". So you could invite your guest with "Komm rein!" and send them back out with "geh bitte wieder raus".

So "rein" has the same meaning as either "herein" or "hinein", and "raus" has the same meaning as either "heraus" or "hinaus".

Lessons[]

Lesson 1[]

  • (her)kommen - to come here( her separates )
  • herein = inside/in
  • heraus = outside/out
  • herum = around this
  • hierher = here

Lesson 2[]

  • rein = from there into here (or pure is used as a noun)
  • raus = out
  • her = towards the speaker.
  • hin = away from the speaker towards some other place.
  • rechts = right
  • links = left
  • abbiegen = to turn

Lesson 3[]

  • die Richtung = direction
  • der Norden = north
  • der Westen = west
  • der Osten = east
  • der Süden = south

Lesson 4[]

  • woher = from where
  • zurück = back
  • voraus = ahead
  • weg = away, gone
  • unterwegs = underway, on their way

References[]

Duolingo Lesson: www.duolingo.com/skill/de/Direction