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Dative Case is the thirty-first (assuming left to right) skill in the German language tree. In these three lessons, the student of German is taught a new case: the dative case.

Grammar notes[]

In a German sentence, the most common use of the dative case is with the indirect object of the sentence. This is der Frau in the sentence, "Ich gebe der Frau den Apfel." Some verbs will require dative objects, such as danken and helfen.

As usual with German cases, the definite and indefinite article change when the noun is put into the dative:

*Also, whenever a plural is put into the dative, it gains an "(e)n" at the end of the word, unless it already has one. Example: den Fenstern or den Kindern.
Case Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
Nominative der/ein die/eine das/ein die
Accusative den/einen die/eine das/ein die
Dative dem/einem der/einer dem/einem



Lesson 1[]

  • geben = to give
  • einem = a
  • einer = a

Lesson 2[]

  • zeigen = to show

Lesson 3[]

  • sagen = to say
  • dem = the
  • der = the
  • den = the


Duolingo Lesson: www.duolingo.com/skill/de/Dative-Case