Basics 1 is the second skill in the French language tree. It consists of three lessons. In this skill, you learn how to construct basic sentences in French using singular nouns, adjectives, and verbs.

Grammar TipsEdit


French nouns are separated into two groups: masculine and feminine. Masculine nouns are accompanied by masculine modifiers (articles, adjectives, etc.). Feminine nouns are accompanied by feminine modifiers. In general, words that refer to males are masculine while words that refer to females are feminine.

A different set of definite and indefinite articles are used with each gender:

Definite Indefinite
Masculine le un
Feminine la une


Whenever a word begins with a vowel sound, the singular definite article (le/la) loses its vowel and attaches itself to the word with an apostrophe:

  • le + homme = l'homme

This phenomenon is known as l'elision in French (and is also an example!).


This lesson shows the usual word order of articles, adjectives, and nouns within a noun phrase:

  • un chat noir
  • le garçon calme
  • la fille calme

The article (determiner) comes first and adjectives (modifiers) usually come after the noun. We will see later that certain adjectives are often placed before the noun. Note, calme is used with both masculine and feminine nouns. We will see later (in Adjectives 1) that adjectives usually change to agree in gender.

Pronunciation: es, est, etEdit

French has a lot of words that are pronounced the same. You will have to depend on context to understand which word was said. This unit introduced es, est, and et, all of which are pronounced /e/ (like "eh").

  • Tu es une fille.
  • Il est un garçon.
  • Le garçon et la fille.


Lesson 1Edit

  • la fille = girl
  • le garçon = boy
  • la femme = woman
  • l'homme (m.) = man
  • un/une = a/an
  • le/la = the
  • je suis = I am

Lesson 2Edit

  • tu es = you are
  • je mange = I eat
  • la pomme = apple

Lesson 3Edit

  • le chat = cat
  • calme = quiet
  • noir = black
  • et = and
  • il/elle a = he/she has



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