Tips and Notes
The relative pronoun in English is often left out, but it is a very important part of the sentence in Dutch.
Dat and Die
Dat translates to either "that" or "which" for het words. It can be used to specify the subject or give more information about something or someone else in the sentence. If dat would be proceeded by a preposition, use a different construction:
- waar + subject + that preposition
Die is much the same, but applies to de words instead.
Wat is used when refering to whole phrases, to indefinite pronouns, or to adjectives.
Wie is used when die is preceded by a preposition and when referring to no particular person.
This word means "whose." Even then, van wie is becoming more popular among Dutch speakers, although van wie requires an article and wiens does not.
- dat = that, which
- wie = who
- wat = what
- die = that
- waar = which (with a preposition)
- wiens = whose
- degene/datgene/diegene = the one
- van wie = whose
Duolingo Lesson: www.duolingo.com/skill/dn/Pronouns-relative