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Present Participle is the ninety-sixth skill (assuming read left to right) in the language tree for Dutch. It has three lessons and teaches how to form the present participle and some common uses for it.

Grammar Notes[]

The present participle of a verb is formed by taking the infinitive of the verb and adding -d to the end of it:

  • lopen "to walk" -> lopend "walking"

But what is it for? A present participle can be used as an adjective or an adverb and tells you that another action was done at the same time as the main verb.

  • De zingende man = the singing man

In English, this form ends in -ing, but be careful! The gerund of a verb (the I am ...ing form) is very different in Dutch and the two cannot be used in place of the other.

Lessons[]

Lesson 1[]

  • huilend = crying
  • slapend = sleeping
  • fietsend = biking
  • zittend = sitting
  • spelend = playing
  • zingend = singing

Lesson 2[]

  • al + P.P. = while ...ing
  • pratend = talking
  • passend = fitting
  • groeiend = growing
  • vliegend = flying
  • verrassend = surprised

Lesson 3[]

  • stinkend = smelly, stinky
  • fascinerend = fascinating
  • vervelend = annoying
  • levend = living
  • verfrissend = refreshing
  • vanzelfsprekend = obvious

References[]

Duolingo Lesson: www.duolingo.com/skill/dn/Present-Participle