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Plurals is the eighth skill (assuming left to right) in the Dutch language tree. In these four lessons, the learner of Dutch is taught most of the possible ways to pluralize nouns.

Tips and Notes[]

Dutch has four ways of making a plural, two of which are significantly more rare than the other two. The most common way of making a plural is adding -en. The second most common is adding -s. The two rarer ones are -eren (think kinderen) and -a (this one is used with words from Latin, and -s is an allowed ending for these ones too). There are some things to keep in mind with plurals:

Nouns ending in -en[]

  • Long vowels stay long and short vowels stay short. That's why it's schapen and not schappen.
  • Hard consonants become soft, hence muizen not muisen.

Nouns ending in -s[]

If it ends in a vowel, add an apostrophe before the -s. That's why it's spelled menu's. The only exception to this is if it ends in -e. In which case, don't add the apostrophe but do add the -s.

Lesson[]

Lesson 1[]

  • eenden = ducks
  • honden = dogs
  • twee = two
  • olifanten = elephants
  • dieren = animals
  • boeken = books

Lesson 2[]

  • boterhammen = sandwiches
  • schildpadden = turtles
  • mensen = people, humans
  • katten = cats
  • vissen = fish
  • paarden = horses

Lesson 3[]

  • tomaten = tomatoes
  • schapen = sheep
  • beren = bears
  • muizen = mice
  • bananen = bananas
  • aardbeien = strawberries
  • glazen = glasses

Lesson 4[]

  • borden = plates
  • kranten = newspapers
  • koeien = cows
  • appels = apples
  • vogels = birds
  • menu's = menus
  • varkens= pigs

References[]

Duolingo Lesson: www.duolingo.com/skill/dn/Plurals