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Er is the thirty-third skill in the Dutch language tree. In this skill, with a total of four lessons, the learner of Dutch is introduced to a tiny little word that makes a world of difference, er.

Grammar notes[]

What on earth is Er?[]

Er may seem to have random usage, but there is logic to the seeming randomness of er. The word has these five major purposes:

  • Expressing location as an unstressed form of daar.
  • Pointing to an undefined and unspecific subject by putting er at the start of a sentence.
  • Being used as a subject to mean "there is" or "there are."
  • Indicating possession using ervan
  • Creating prepositional phrases by combining er with prepositions (erop, erin, etc.)

This course only teaches the first three uses of er.


Lesson 1[]

  • het probleem = problem
  • het geld = money
  • het feest = party
  • er = see above

Lesson 2[]

  • de wc = bathroom
  • het stukje = piece
  • de fles = bottle
  • het ding = thing
  • het werk = job

Lesson 3[]

  • de potlood = pencil
  • de telefoon = phone
  • de stoel = chair

Lesson 4[]

No new words.


Duolingo Lesson: www.duolingo.com/skill/dn/Er