Basics 2 is the second (assuming left to right) skill in the Dutch (Netherlands) language tree. In these five lessons, the student of Dutch builds on the sentences of Basics 1 and begins to make new sentences with new verbs and ideas. There is the introduction to irregular verbs and plurals in this skill.

Tips and notesEdit

Irregular verbsEdit

In Basics 1, there was an introduction to regular verbs. But Dutch has irregular verbs as well. Most of these irregular verbs are completely normal, except in the past tense. But a select few are irregular in the present, these verbs being:

  • Zijn (to be)
  • Hebben (to have)
  • Mogen (to be allowed to)
  • Willen (to want)
  • Kunnen (to be able to)
  • Zullen ("will")

For now, we'll deal with the ones in this skill, hebben and zijn.

Pronoun Hebben Zijn
ik heb ben
jij, u hebt bent
hij, zij, es heeft is
wij hebben zijn
jullie hebben zijn
zij hebben zijn


Lesson 1Edit

  • boterham = sandwich
  • rijst = rice
  • we = we (unstressed)
  • jullie = you (plural informal)
  • eten = eat (plural)
  • drinken = drink (plural)

Lesson 2Edit

  • vrouwen = women
  • mannen = men
  • meisjes = girls
  • krant = newspaper
  • lezen = read (plural)

Lesson 3Edit

  • jongens = boys
  • menu = menu
  • dat = that
  • zijn = are (plural)
  • ze = they (unstressed)

Lesson 4Edit

  • heb = have (1st person singular)
  • heeft = has (3rd person singular)
  • hebt = have (2nd person singular)
  • hebben = have (plural)
  • boek = book

Lesson 5Edit

  • lees = read (1st person singular)
  • leest = read(s) (2nd and 3rd person singular)
  • kinderen = children
  • spreken = speak (plural)
  • spreek = speak (1st person singular)
  • spreekt = speak(s) (2nd and 3rd person singular)


Duolingo Lesson:

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