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Basics 2 is the second (assuming left to right) skill in the Dutch (Netherlands) language tree. In these five lessons, the student of Dutch builds on the sentences of Basics 1 and begins to make new sentences with new verbs and ideas. There is the introduction to irregular verbs and plurals in this skill.

Tips and notes[]

Irregular verbs[]

In Basics 1, there was an introduction to regular verbs. But Dutch has irregular verbs as well. Most of these irregular verbs are completely normal, except in the past tense. But a select few are irregular in the present, these verbs being:

  • Zijn (to be)
  • Hebben (to have)
  • Mogen (to be allowed to)
  • Willen (to want)
  • Kunnen (to be able to)
  • Zullen ("will")

For now, we'll deal with the ones in this skill, hebben and zijn.

Pronoun Hebben Zijn
ik heb ben
jij, u hebt bent
hij, zij, es heeft is
wij hebben zijn
jullie hebben zijn
zij hebben zijn

Lessons[]

Lesson 1[]

  • boterham = sandwich
  • rijst = rice
  • we = we (unstressed)
  • jullie = you (plural informal)
  • eten = eat (plural)
  • drinken = drink (plural)

Lesson 2[]

  • vrouwen = women
  • mannen = men
  • meisjes = girls
  • krant = newspaper
  • lezen = read (plural)

Lesson 3[]

  • jongens = boys
  • menu = menu
  • dat = that
  • zijn = are (plural)
  • ze = they (unstressed)

Lesson 4[]

  • heb = have (1st person singular)
  • heeft = has (3rd person singular)
  • hebt = have (2nd person singular)
  • hebben = have (plural)
  • boek = book

Lesson 5[]

  • lees = read (1st person singular)
  • leest = read(s) (2nd and 3rd person singular)
  • kinderen = children
  • spreken = speak (plural)
  • spreek = speak (1st person singular)
  • spreekt = speak(s) (2nd and 3rd person singular)

References[]

Duolingo Lesson: www.duolingo.com/skill/dn/Basics-2