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Conjunctions 2 is the 45th skill (assuming read left to right) of the Czech language tree. This skill is not just about conjunctions and also deals with conditional auxiliary words used in constructions expressing the conditional mood such as in describing a desire or wish.

Grammar Notes[]

None provided by developers.

Lessons[]

Lesson 1[]

Typical construction of a sentence in conditional mood: past tense form of verb with a conditional auxiliary "by" (3rd person form)

  • by = he/she/it would, they would
  • bylo by = would be

Typical constructions with reflexive si or se

  • Vážila by si = she would respect....
  • Báli by se = they would be afraid....
  • .
  • Už nic neřikám. = I am not saying anything anymore.
  • Potřebuju lepšího bratrance. = I need a better cousin.
  • Kde by bydleli? = Where would they live?
  • Učili by se? = Would they study?
  • Čeho by se bál? = What would he be afraid of?
  • On by si ji vzal? = Would he marry her?
  • Vážila by si tě víc. = She would respect you more.
  • Bylo by lo lepší. = It would be better.
  • Báli by se jíst tohle zelené maso. = They would be afraid to eat this green meat.
  • Matěj by se nebál ničeho. = Matěj would not be afraid of anything.
  • Kateřina by tuhle kihu nečetla. = Kateřina would not read this book.
  • Nic špatného by se nestalo. = Nothing bad would happen.
  • Nic by si nepamatoval. = He would not remember anything.
  • Starala by se o dětí. = She would be looking after children.
  • Čekal jsem na ni, aby se nebála. = I was waiting for her so that she would not be afraid.
  • Kdo by tě chětel? = Who would want you?

Lesson 2[]

"You" constructions:

  • bys = you would
  • Protože bys chtěla = because you would want
  • jaká bys byla = what kind of ___ would you be
  • Nikdy bys nebyl = you would never be

When "bys" combines with a reflexive se or si, the forms by ses and by sis result:

  • Cítil by ses = you would feel
  • Vzala by sis = you would marry
  • stěžoval by sis = you would complain
  • Bála by ses = you would be afraid
  • by ses díval = you would look
  • .
  • Bála by ses? = Would you be afraid?
  • Stěžoval by sis? = Would you complain?
  • Ty by sis stěžoval? = Would you complain?
  • Vy byste si stěžoval? = Would you complain?
  • Vzala by sis někoho jiného. = You would marry someone else.
  • Jaká bys byla manželka? = What kind of wife would you be?
  • Protože bys chtěla hrad. = Because you would want a castle!
  • Nikdy bys nebyl šťastný. = You would never be happy.
  • Cítil by ses mnohem hůř. = You would feel much worse!
  • Na co by ses díval? = What would you be looking at?

Lesson 3[]

"I would", "we would" constructions

  • já bych = I would
  • kam bychom = Where would we....
  • byli bychom = we would be
  • byste si = you would
  • bych si = I would
  • raději bychom = we would rather
  • by sis = you would
  • .
  • Kam bychom šly? = Where would we go?
  • Stěžoval bych si. = I would complain.
  • Proč bych se cítila líp? = Why would I feel better?
  • Já bych to nejedl. = I would not eat it.
  • Stěžoval byste si? = Would you complain?
  • Vy byste si stěžoval? = Would you complain?
  • Učili byste se víc. = You would study more.
  • Byi bychom rádi. = We would be glad.
  • Raději bychom spali v hotelu. = We would rather sleep in a hotel.
  • Protože bych tě neznala. = Because I would not know you.
  • Jeho bych si nevzala, ani kdyby byl bohatý. = I would not marry him, even if he was rich.

Lesson 4[]

"so that" constructions to express desire

  • aby = that he/she/it would
  • abychom = that we would
  • abys byla = that you would be
  • abyste byl = that you would be (formal or plural)
  • aby Matěj koupil = that Matey would buy
  • abych = that I would
  • abyste si = that you would (with a reflexive verb)
  • .
  • Jíme, abychom žili. = We eat to live.
  • Piji, abych zapomněl. = I drink to forget.
  • Bojíme se abychom o ten strom nepřišli. = We are afraid of losing that tree.
  • Jsme tady, abychom vás učili česky. = We are here to teach you Czech.
  • Chci, abys míň mluvil. = I want you to talk less.
  • Dělá to, aby byl zdravý. = He does that to be healthy.
  • Potřebuji, abyste byl silný. = I need you to be strong.
  • Jste příliš mladí abyste si ho pamatovali. = You are too young to remember him.
  • Máte deset minut, abyste našli ten dopis. = You have ten minutes to find the letter.
  • Požadáli ho, aby je vzal na letiště. = They asked him to take them to the airport.
  • Žofie chtěla, abych ji požádal o ruku. = Žofie wanted me to propose to her.
  • Kateřina mě požádala, abych na ni počkal. = Kateřina asked me to wait for her.
  • Nechci, abys byla nešťastná. = I do not want you to be unhappy.
  • Žofie chtěla, aby Matěj koupil jablka a hrušky. = Žofie wanted Matěj to buy apples and pears.
  • Chtěl jsem, aby sis mě pamatovala. = I wanted you to remember me.
  • Nemusím být bohatý, abych byl šťastný. = I do not have to be rich to be happy.

Lesson 5[]

The "if you were to ..., you would be ...." construction. This is made with the "kdyby" (if he/she were to, if he/she would) and its variants. The related clause, "then you would be" is also typically in the conditional mood. An example is "Kdybys míň jedl, byl bys zdravý" (If you were to eat less, you would be healthy).

  • kdybych víc spal = if I were to sleep more....
  • kdybychom měli = if we were to have....
  • kdybys míň jedl = if you were to eat less
  • kdybyste = if you were to....
  • kdyby = if he were to....
  • ani kdyby = even if he were....
  • .
  • Byli bychom rádi. = We would be glad.
  • Co bys dělala, kdybych nebyl? = What would you do if I did not exist?
  • Kdyby měl žizeň, pil by i vodu. = If he was thirsty, he would drink even water.
  • Bylo by lepší, kdybys míň mluvil. = It would be better if you spoke less.
  • Bylo by lepší, kdybyste míň mluvil. = It would be better if you spoke less.
  • Bylo by lepší, kdybyste míň mluvili. = It would be better if you spoke less.
  • Byli bychom rádi kdybyste víc pracoval. = We would be glad if you worked more.
  • Byli bychom rádi kdybys víc pracoval. = We would be glad if you worked more.
  • Co by se stalo, kdybychom přišli o svůj dům? = What would happen if we lost our houses?
  • Kdybychom měli další dítě potřebovali bychom větší byt. = If we had another child, we would need a bigger apartment.
  • Kdybys míň jedl, byl bys zdravější. = If you ate less, you would be healthier.
  • Byli bychom rádi, kdybys víc pracoval. = We would be glad if you worked more.
  • Kdybych víc spal, cítil bych se líp. = If I slept more, I would feel better.
  • Kdybychom měli víc dítě, nebydleli bychom tady. = If we had more children, we would not be living here.
  • Kdybych byl vzala bohatý, vzala by sis mne? = If I were rich, would you marry me?
  • Jsi dost stará na to, abys to věděla. = You are old enough to know that.
  • Kdyby mě požádala počkal bych. = If she asked me to, I would wait.

References[]


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